Combat vehicles / Infantry fighting vehicles / BMP-1

BMP-1

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Mechanized infantry combat vehicle

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    BVP-1 (Czechoslovak designation)
    BWP-1 (Polish designation)
    Object 765 (production codename)
    M1970 (NATO designation for BMP-1)
    M1975 (NATO designation for PRP-3)
    M1976/2 (NATO designation for BRM-1K)
    Korshun (North Korean designation)
    Type 86 (Chinese service
    WZ501 (Chinese factor

  • DESIGNED
    1961 - 1965

  • DESIGNER
    KMZ

  • PRODUCTION
    1963 - 1979 (BMP-1)
    1979 - 1983 (BMP-1P)

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR

    Foreign production:
    China
    Czechoslovakia
    India
    Poland

  • QUANTITY
    Over 20.000 vehicles, including derivatives

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good firepower
    Good mobility
    Limited effective range of armament
    Average armor

Introduction

The BMP-1 is a mechanized infantry combat vehicle of Russian origin. It was the world's first mass produced infantry carrier which was to fight side by side with the infantry it carried and tanks it supported. The BMP-1 was one of the most significant Soviet weapon systems during the Cold War and spurred the development of the German Marder and US Bradley.

Layout

The BMP-1 has the engine and drive train mounted at the front, with the driver at the left of the engine. The commander is seated behind the driver and is separated from the gunner and infantry. The one man turret is fitted in the middle of the vehicle and the troop compartment is at the rear. The eight infantrymen are seated with the backs against each other and may enter via four large roof hatches or the two rear doors.

Firepower

The main armament is the 73mm 2A28 Grom low pressure cannon connected to an autoloader. The maximum range is 1.3 km, but the effective range is much less. A 7.62mm PKT machinegun is mounted as a coaxial weapon. Over the main gun a launch rail is mounted for the 9M14 Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger) guided anti tank missile. Firing ports are fitted in the sides and left rear door.

Protection

The BMP-1 is protected against 12.7mm rounds over the frontal arc. The rear and sides provide protection from small arms fire and shell splinters. Some BMP's have been fitted with add-on armor. An NBC system is fitted and a smoke screen can be created by injecting fuel in the exhaust. Upgraded vehicles have been fitted with smoke grenade dischargers at the rear of the turret.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides the BMP-1 with a good cross country performance. A 300hp diesel engine provides propulsion. The BMP-1 is fully amphibious by raising the trim vane and is propelled in the water by its tracks.

Users

The BMP-1 is the most widely produced mechanized infantry fighting vehicle in the world. Even though it was supplemented by the more capable BMP-2, the BMP-1 remained the most numerous Soviet infantry fighting vehicle during the entire Cold War. Many BMP-1's were exported to Soviet allies and it was used during various conflicts, such as those in the Middle East.

Variants

BMP-1

Of all variants the original BMP-1 is by far the most produced version. The BMP-1 was produced in three batches designated M1966, M1970 and M1976 by NATO. The second model has an improved and longer nose section and the third model has stabilized armament, improved ammunition and disposed of the autoloader. The BMP-1K models are commander models and come in platoon, company and battalion versions. The BMP-1D is a special assault variant that was developed for use in Afghanistan. The D stands for desantnaya, Russian for assault. The main improvement is the additional turret armor, belly armor against mines, appliqué side armor and armored skirts. Due to the added weight the BMP-1D is no longer amphibious. Some BMP-1D's have been fitted with smoke grenade dischargers and/or an AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher.

TypeMechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew3 + 8 (commander, driver, gunner, 8 infantry)
Length6.74 m
Width2.94 m
Height2.15 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.39 m
Weight13.2 t combat load
Ground pressure0.60 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio22.7 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel460 L
Range600 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel, 5 to 33 mm
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokeexhaust diesel injection
Remarks-
Armament73mm 2A28 cannon
7.62mm PKT machine gun
AT-3 anti-tank missile
Weapon173mm 2A28 Grom low pressure cannon
40 rounds
-4 to +33° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
non-stabilized
Weapon3AT-3 missile launcher on main gun
5 missiles, 1 ready to fire
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-
TypeMechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew3 + 8 (commander, driver, gunner, 8 infantry)
Length6.74 m
Width?
Height2.15 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.39 m
Weight14.5 t combat load
Ground pressure0.66 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio20.7 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel460 L
Range550 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
Fording1 m
ArmorSteel and applique
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokeexhaust diesel injection
Remarks-
Armament73mm 2A28 cannon
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Weapon173mm 2A28 Grom low pressure cannon
40 rounds
-4 to +33° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

BMP-1P

The BMP-1P is an interim production vehicle and is designated M1981 by NATO. The main improvement is the removal of the AT-3 Sagger launch rail and its controls in the turret and the addition of a pedestal mounted 9P135 launcher on the turret roof, which is able to fire both AT-4 Spigot and AT-5 Spandrel missiles. The BMP-1PG adds a AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher to the left side of the roof.

TypeMechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew3 + 8 (commander, driver, gunner, 8 infantry)
Length6.74 m
Width2.94 m
Height?
Ground clearance0.39 m
Weight13.4 t combat load
Ground pressure0.61 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio22.4 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel460 L
Range600 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel, 5 to 33 mm
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokesmoke grenade dischargers, exhaust diesel injection
Remarks-
Armament73mm 2A28 cannon
7.62mm PKT machine gun
AT-5 anti-tank missile
Weapon173mm 2A28 Grom low pressure cannon
40 rounds
-4 to +33° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
non-stabilized
Weapon3AT-5 missile launcher on turret roof
4 missiles, 1 ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-
TypeMechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew3 + 8 (commander, driver, gunner, 8 infantry)
Length6.74 m
Width2.94 m
Height?
Ground clearance0.39 m
Weight13.5 t combat load
Ground pressure0.61 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio22.2 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel460 L
Range600 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel, 5 to 33 mm
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokesmoke grenade dischargers, exhaust diesel injection
Remarks-
Armament73mm 2A28 cannon
7.62mm PKT machine gun
30mm AGS-17 grenade launcher
AT-5 anti-tank missile
Weapon173mm 2A28 Grom low pressure cannon
40 rounds
-4 to +33° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
non-stabilized
Weapon330mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher on roof
290 rounds, 30 ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4AT-5 missile launcher on turret roof
4 missiles, 1 ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

BRM-1K

The BRM-1K is a dedicated reconnaissance version of the BMP-1. The BRM-1K is designed as a more advanced platform than vehicles such as the BRDM-2. It is fitted with a variety of reconnaissance and command and control equipment, including various optics, a laser range finder, NBC detection suite, ground surveillance radar and long range communications. The commander is not seated behind the driver but in the larger two man turret, which is usually not fitted with a missile launcher.

TypeReconnaissance vehicle
Crew6 (commander, gunner, driver, 3 scouts)
Length6.76 m
Width2.94 m
Height1.92 m (turret roof)
Ground clearance0.37 m
Weight13.3 t combat load
Ground pressure0.60 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio22.6 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel462 L
Range575 km
Wall0.7 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokeexhaust diesel injection
RemarksIRL-331-1 / PSNR-5K (Tall Mike) radar
Armament73mm 2A28 cannon
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Weapon173mm 2A28 Grom low pressure cannon
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

PRP

The PRP-3 Val is an artillery reconnaissance vehicle based on the BMP-1 chassis. PRP stands for podvizhnoy razvedyvatel’niy punkt, Russian for mobile reconnaissance post. It is fitted with a two man turret that is armed only with a 7.62mm PKT machine gun. Among the specialized equipment are an artillery radar, various optical systems, an illumination mortar and a laser range finder. The PRP-4 Nard is an improved model of the PRP-3 and is fitted with newer equipment and better radar. The PRP-4M Deyteriy and PRP-4MU are subsequently improved models.

TypeReconnaissance vehicle
Crew5 (commander, gunner, driver, 2 scouts)
Length6.76 m
Width2.94 m
Height?
Ground clearance0.39 m
Weight?
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio?
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel460 L
Range600 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokeexhaust diesel injection
RemarksSmall Fred radar, 90mm 2P130 illumination launcher, 1D6M1 laser range finder
Armament7.62mm PKT machine gun
Weapon17.62mm PKT machine gun in turret
2.000 rounds
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-
TypeReconnaissance vehicle
Crew5 (commander, gunner, driver, 2 scouts)
Length6.74 m
Width2.94 m
Height2.15 m
Ground clearance0.37 m
Weight13.2 t combat load
Ground pressure0.60 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio22.7 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel460 L
Range600 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokeexhaust diesel injection
RemarksIRL-331-1 / PSNR-5K (Tall Mike) radar, 1D11 or 1D14 laser range finder, 1 PN61 or 1PN71 thermal imager
Armament7.62mm PKT machine gun
Weapon17.62mm PKT machine gun in turret
2.000 rounds
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

BREM-2

The BREM-2 is an armored recovery vehicle based on the BMP-1 chassis. BREM stands for bronirovannaya remonto-evakuatsionnaya mashina, Russian for armored maintenance and recovery vehicle. The BREM-2 has not turret and is fitted with a light crane, winch and dozer blade. A 7.62mm PK machine gun can be fitted for self-defense.

TypeArmored recovery vehicle
Crew4
Length6.74 m
Width2.94 m
Height?
Ground clearance0.39 m
Weight14 t
Ground pressure0.63 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio21.4 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel460 L
Range600 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokeexhaust diesel injection
Remarksdozer blade, crane, winch, welding and repair equipment
Armament-
Weapon1-
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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