Combat vehicles / Infantry fighting vehicles / BMP-2

BMP-2

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Mechanized infantry combat vehicle

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    BWP-2 (Polish designation)
    Sarath (Indian designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1974 - 1980

  • DESIGNER
    KMZ

  • PRODUCTION
    1980 - ?

  • PRODUCERS
    Czechoslovakia
    India
    USSR - KMZ

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Very good firepower
    Good mobility
    Average armor

Introduction

The BMP-2 is a mechanized infantry fighting vehicle of Russian origin. It is a more combat capable version of the earlier BMP-1. The BMP-2 was developed after combat experience with the BMP-1 during conflicts in the Middle East.

Layout

The BMP-2 retains the overall layout of the BMP-1 as roughly the same chassis is used. The main improvements over the BMP-1 are the two man turret, which also houses the commander, and the improved armor package. Due to the larger turret the troop capacity is reduced from eight to seven.

Firepower

The main armament is the powerful 30mm 2A42 dual feed autocannon. It has a cyclic rate of fire of either 200 to 300 rounds per minute or 550 rounds per minute. The effective range is 1.5 km. A 7.62mm PKT machine gun is mounted as a coaxial weapon. Additionally there is a 9P135 missile launcher on the roof which is able to fire both AT-4 Spigot and AT-5 Spandrel anti-tank missiles.

Protection

The BMP-2 has a slightly improved armor package compared to the BMP-1. Over the frontal arc there is protection against 12.7mm rounds and the sides and rear at able to withstand 12.7mm rounds fired from longer ranges. Some BMP-2's have been fitted with add-on armor. An NBC system is standard and six smoke grenade launchers are fitted on the turret.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides the BMP-1 with a good cross country performance. A 300hp diesel engine provides propulsion. The BMP-1 is fully amphibious by raising the trim vane and is propelled in the water by its tracks.

Users

The BMP-2 was mainly used by the Soviet army during the Cold War. Adoption in Eastern Europe varied. The BMP-2 is also widely exported to Soviet allies.

Variants

BMP-2

The original version of the BMP-2 is the most common. Over time small changes were made during production. The BMP-2K is the command variant.

TypeMechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew3 + 7 (commander, driver, gunner, 7 infantry)
Length6.74 m
Width3.15 m
Height2.45 m
Ground clearance0.42 m
Weight14.3 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio21.0 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel462 L
Range600 km
Wall0.7 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke2x3 81mm smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
Armament30mm 2A42 autocannon
7.62mm PKT machine gun
AT-5 anti-tank missile
Weapon130mm 2A42 autocannon in turret
500 rounds
-5 to + 75° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
stabilized in both axis
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
Weapon3AT-5 missile launcher on turret roof
4 missiles, 1 ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

BMP-2D

The BMP-2D is a special assault variant that was developed for use in Afghanistan. The D stands for desantnaya, Russian for assault. The main improvement is the additional turret armor, belly armor against mines, appliqué side armor and armored skirts. Due to the added weight the BMP-2D is no longer amphibious.

TypeMechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew3 + 7 (commander, driver, gunner, 7 infantry)
Length6.74 m
Width?
Height2.45 m
Ground clearance0.42 m
Weight15.4 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.60 m length, 0.30 m width, 2.55 m track
Turn radius?
EngineUTD-20 V6 diesel, 300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Power ratio19.5 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 45 km/h off road, 7 km/h in water
Fuel462 L
Range550 km
Wall0.7 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
Fording1 m
ArmorSteel and applique
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke2x3 81mm smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
Armament30mm 2A42 autocannon
7.62mm PKT machine gun
AT-5 anti-tank missile
Weapon130mm 2A42 autocannon in turret
500 rounds
-5 to + 75° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
stabilized in both axis
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
Weapon3AT-5 missile launcher on turret roof
4 missiles, 1 ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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