Combat vehicles / Main battle tanks / T-62

T-62

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Main battle tank

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Tiran-3 (Israeli service)

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1950's

  • DESIGNER
    Uralvagonzavod

  • PRODUCTION
    1961 - 1975 (USSR)
    1975 - 1978 (Czechoslovakia)

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR - Uralvagonzavod

  • QUANTITY
    Over 22.700

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Powerful cannon
    Rugged and reliable
    Rudimentary fire controls
    Limited crew comfort
    Twice as expensive as T-55

Introduction

The T-62 is a main battle tank of Soviet origin. It was developed in the late 1950's as a follow on to the succesful T-55. The T-62 was produced in large quantities in the 1960's and played an important role in the Cold War. The T-62 is an improvement over the T-55 but the slight increase in performance is does not justify the production costs that are twice that of the T-55. The introduction of newer tanks made the T-62 quickly obsolete as the primary Soviet tank, a role which would be fulfilled by the later T-72.

Layout

The T-62 is a further development of the T-55 that is mainly characterized by its new cannon. The driver is seated in the longer and wider chassis with distinct gaps between the last two sets of roadwheels not found on the T-55 series. The larger dome shaped turret houses the remaining three crew members and is fitted with a larger and longer 115mm smoothbore cannon. Many features found on late model T-55's are also present on the T-62, such as an NBC system, stabilization in both axis and infrared searchlight.

Firepower

The main armament of the T-62 is the 115mm U-5TS smoothbore cannon for which 40 rounds are carried. The 115mm smoothbore cannon is much more powerful than the 100mm rifled cannon on the T-55, although this gap was reduced by the introduction of new types of 100mm ammunition. Fired while standing still against stationary targets the cannon is as accurate as the NATO 105mm L7 cannon. When on the move the accuracy is reduced significantly due to the low quality fire controls and stabilization system. A 7.62mm PKT machine gun is installed as a coaxial weapon an many T-62's have a 12.7mm DShKM heavy machine gun on the turret roof.

Protection

The standard T-62 has slightly thicker hull armor and better turret armor over the frontal arc than the T-55. The 105mm L7 cannon used on Western tanks is still able to pierce the armor when using improved rounds. On various variants the protection level has been improved by adding bra armor, appliqué armor or ERA blocks. Late production models feature smoke grenade dischargers and all T-62's are capable of laying a smoke screen by injecting diesel fuel in the exhaust.

Mobility

The T-62 uses the same V-55 diesel engine as used in the T-55, but the increased weight has lowered the power to weight ratio. This makes the T-62 slightly less maneuvreable than the T-55. The tracked chassis allows the T-62 to cross any terrain but the cross country speeds are somewhat limited and the steering is not precise. A large snorkel can be attached for deep wading across rivers.

Users

The T-62 was produced in large quantities but not as much as the earlier T-55. The T-62 was replaced as the primary Soviet tank by the later and much more capable T-72. In Russian service the T-62 is held in reserve, in the Middle East and Africa it remains in active service.

Variants

T-62

The original models of the T-62 feature only minor differences and look rather similar. They can be identified by the lack of appliqué armor.
T-62 Model 1962: Original production version of T-62 with SGMT coaxial machine gun.
T-62 Model 1967: T-62 with new engine deck and PKT coaxial machine gun.
T-62 Model 1972: Version that adds the 12.7mm DShKM machine gun lacking on older models and new tracks.
T-62 Model 1975: Version that adds a laser range finder over the main armament.
T-62K: Command version of the T-62 introduced in 1962 which has additional radios and reduced ammunition load.

  • Specifications:
  • T-62
TypeMain battle tank
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)
Length6.63 m (hull), 9.34 m (gun forward)
Width3.3 m
Height2.40 m
Ground clearance0.43 m
Weight38 t unloaded, 40 t combat load
Ground pressure0.77 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear, 4.15 m length, 0.58 m width, 2.64 m track
Turn radiusSkid turns
EngineV-55-5 V12 diesel, 580 hp at 2.000 rpm
Power ratio14.5 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed50 km/h forward, 7 km/h reverse
Fuel675 L + 400 L drums
Range450 km on road, 320 km on dirt roads, 650 km with external fuel
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.85 m
Gradient60% gradient
Fording1.4 m, 5 m with snorkel
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smokeexhaust diesel injection
Remarks-
Armament115mm 2A20 cannon
7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
Weapon1115mm 2A20 cannon in turret
40 rounds
-6 to +16° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
stabilized in both axis
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.500 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
stabilized in both axis
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

T-62M

The T-62M is a modernized version of the T-62 which features a wide variety of improvements. The armor is improved with the BDD armor package consisting of rubber skirts, BDD bra armor, appliqué armor on the glacis plate and mine protection under the belly. A more powerful engine compensates the increase in weight. An improved fire control system increases the chance to hit and creates the ability to launch guided missiles from the gun barrel. The night vision system is upgrades as well.
T-62M: Original and most common variant of the T-62M which features all the improvements listed above.
T-62M1: T-62M without additional armor and lacking ability to launch anti-tank missiles.
T-62MK: Command version of the T-62M with additional radios, no ability to launch anti-tank missiles and reduced ammunition load.
T-62MV: A small number of T-62M's were fitted with Kontakt-1 ERA instead of the BDD armor package.

TypeMain battle tank
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)
Length6.63 m (hull), 9.34 m (gun forward)
Width3.34 m
Height?
Ground clearance0.43 m
Weight41.5 t combat load
Ground pressure0.80 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear, 4.15 m length, 0.58 m width, 2.64 m track
Turn radiusSkid turns
EngineV-55U V12 diesel, 620 hp at 2.000 rpm
Power ratio14.9 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed45 km/h forward, 7 km/h reverse
Fuel675 L + 400 L drums
Range450 km on road, 650 km with external fuel
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.85 m
Gradient60% gradient
Fording1.4 m, 5 m with snorkel
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke8x 81mm smoke grenade dischargers, exhaust diesel injection
Remarks-
Armament115mm 2A20 cannon
7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
12.7mm DShKM heavy machine gun
Weapon1115mm 2A20 cannon in turret
35 rounds plus 5 guided missiles
-6 to +16° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
stabilized in both axis
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.500 rounds
traverse and elevation as main armament
stabilized in both axis
Weapon312.7mm DShKM heavy machine gun on turret roof
300 rounds, 50 ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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