Combat vehicles / Logistics vehicles / FIAT 6605

FIAT 6605

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Tactical truck

  • ORIGIN
    Italy

  • NICKNAMES
    Trattore Medio TM65 (prototype model)
    Trattore Medio TM69 (Italian designation for 6605 TM)
    Autocarro Pesante CP69 (Italian designation for 6605 A)
    Autogru Media AG70 (Italian designation for 6605 AG)

  • DESIGNED
    1960's

  • DESIGNER
    FIAT

  • PRODUCTION
    1970's - 1985

  • PRODUCERS
    Italy - FIAT

  • QUANTITY
    Several hundred

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good cargo capacity
    Good off road mobility
    Large and heavy
    Limited power to weight ratio

Introduction

The FIAT 6605 is a Cold War era tactical truck of Italian origin. It was developed by FIAT in the 1960's to provide the Italian army with an artillery tractor.

Layout

The FIAT 6605 is a large and heavy 6x6 truck with large single tires. It has a forward control layout with the six men crew cabin mounted over the engine. A flatbed and winch are located at the rear. The FIAT 6605 is unarmed and unarmored. The artillery tractor is the standard model, but cargo and recovery versions have also been developed. These feature a shorter cab that seats two people.

Cargo capacity

The artillery tractor model is able to tow a large howitzer such as the FH-70, its associated crew and up to 5 t of cargo. The cargo version allows up to 8.5 t of cargo and comes in a variety of versions, including several types of tankers. The recovery variant is fitted with a heavy winch system.

Mobility

The 6x6 chassis and large tires provide a good off road mobility, albeit at limited speeds. For todays standards the power to weight ratio is limited. The 260 hp diesel engine allows for a maximum road speed of 80 km/h.

Users

The FIAT 6605 was adopted by the Italian military. It was also exported to the Middle East and Africa. It remains in Italian service but given the conflicts in Iraq, Somalia and Libya foreign use is highly limited nowadays.

Variants

6605 TM

The FIAT 6605 TM is the original model of the FIAT 6605 series. It is an artillery tractor with large crew cabin and flatbed with tarpaulin cover. The maximum tow weight is 15 t.

TypeArtillery tractor
Crew1 + 11 (driver, passengers)
Length7.33 m
Width2.5 m
Height2.92 m (cab), 2.78 m (tarpaulin)
Ground clearance0.36 m
Weight11.8 t empty, 17.0 t loaded
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 6x6, 3.22 + 1.37 m wheelbase, 2.08 m track, 14.00x 20 tires
Turn radius8 m
EngineModel 8212.02.500 6-cylinder diesel, 260 hp at 2.200 rpm
Power ratio15.3 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 8 forward, 2 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road
Fuel360 L
Range700 km
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient60% gradient, 20% slope
Fording1.5 m
ArmorNo
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks5.2 t max load, 10 t winch
Armament-
Weapon1-
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

6605 FH

The FIAT 6605 FH is similar to the artillery tractor model but is optimized for ammunition transport. Behind the cabin a hydraulic crane is mounted, making the cargo area shorter.

TypeTactical truck
Crew1 + 11 (driver, passengers)
Length7.33 m
Width2.5 m
Height2.92 m (cab), 2.78 m (tarpaulin)
Ground clearance0.36 m
Weight12.6 t empty, 19.2 t loaded
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 6x6, 3.22 + 1.37 m wheelbase, 2.08 m track, 14.00x 20 tires
Turn radius8 m
EngineModel 8212.02.500 6-cylinder diesel, 260 hp at 2.200 rpm
Power ratio13.5 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 8 forward, 2 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road
Fuel360 L
Range700 km
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient60% gradient, 20% slope
Fording1.5 m
ArmorNo
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks6.6 t max load, hydraulic crane
Armament-
Weapon1-
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

6605 A

The FIAT 6605 A is the cargo truck version of the FIAT 6605 series. It has a shorter cab and can be fitted with a variety of body types. The flatbed version with tarpaulin roof is the most common version.

Body types available: flatbed with tarpaulin cover, command post, 10.500 L fuel tanker, 8.000 L water tanker, aircraft fuel tanker.

TypeTactical truck
Crew1 + 1 (driver, passenger)
Length7.33 m
Width2.5 m
Height2.92 m (cab), 3.08 m (tarpaulin)
Ground clearance0.36 m
Weight12.0 t empty, 20.5 t loaded
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 6x6, 3.22 + 1.37 m wheelbase, 2.08 m track, 14.00x 20 tires
Turn radius8 m
EngineModel 8212.02.500 6-cylinder diesel, 260 hp at 2.200 rpm
Power ratio12.7 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 8 forward, 2 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road
Fuel360 L
Range700 km
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient60% gradient, 20% slope
Fording1.5 m
ArmorNo
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks8.5 t max load
Armament-
Weapon1-
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

6605 AG

The FIAT 6605 AG is the recovery variant of the FIAT 6605 series. It is fitted with a smaller cab than the TM and has a large winch installed at the rear. The recovery version is longer due to the forward mounted secondary winch.

TypeRecovery vehicle
Crew1 + 1 (driver, passenger)
Length8.32 m
Width2.5 m
Height2.74 m (cab), 3.01 m (crane lowered)
Ground clearance0.36 m
Weight19.0 t empty, 25.0 t loaded
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 6x6, 3.22 + 1.37 m wheelbase, 2.08 m track, 14.00x 20 tires
Turn radius8 m
EngineModel 8212.02.500 6-cylinder diesel, 260 hp at 2.200 rpm
Power ratio10.4 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 8 forward, 2 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road
Fuel360 L
Range700 km
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient60% gradient, 20% slope
Fording1.5 m
ArmorNo
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks20 t winch, 9.2 t winch
Armament-
Weapon1-
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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