Combat vehicles / Logistics vehicles / Voroshilovets

Voroshilovets

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Prime mover

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    -

  • DESIGNED
    1939

  • DESIGNER
    Kharkiv Locomotive Factory (KhPZ)

  • PRODUCTION
    1939 - 1941 (KhPZ)
    1941 - 1942 (VTZ)

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR - Kharkiv Locomotive Factory (KhPZ)
    USSR - Volgograd Tractor Factory (VTZ)

  • QUANTITY
    At least 230 built in KhPZ

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Able to tow heavy artillery pieces
    Good all terrain mobility
    Rugged and reliable
    Large and heavy
    Limited road speed
    High fuel consumption

Introduction

The Voroshilovets is a World War 2 era tracked prime mover of Soviet origin. It was developed in the late 1930's as a more powerful alternative to the Komintern prime mover. The tracked chassis was very useful in the Russian climate with its mud in the summer and snow in the winter.

Layout

The chassis of the Voroshilovets is based on the T-24 tank. The chassis has two bogies with 4 roadwheels each. The Voroshilovets retains the rear drive sprocket but the engine is mounted in the large bonnet at the front. The cab seats three people. The rear of the vehicles makes up a load platform. This may seat the gun crew and allows for ammunition to be carried.

Cargo capacity

The Voroshilovets may tow artillery pieces and trailers up to 18 t. This allows it to tow the heaviest Soviet artillery pieces. The cargo platform holds up to 3 t of cargo or seats up to 16 people. The Voroshilovets was also used as recovery vehicle and was able to rescue medium and heavy tanks stuck in mud or snow.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides the Voroshilovets with good all terrain mobility. The road speed is rather limited at a maximum of 34 km/h. The mobility comes at the cost of a high fuel consumption.

Users

The Voroshilovets was widely used by Soviet forces during World War 2. It was used to tow the heaviest Soviet artillery pieces. The Voroshilovets was used until the 1950's. By that time the need for prime moves was reduced due to lighter artillery pieces, more powerful trucks and self-propelled artillery.

Variants

Voroshilovets

The Voroshilovets was produced in only a single version. Externally it looks very similar to the Komintern prime moves. The Voroshilovets can be identified by the larger bonnet which houses the more powerful engine.

TypePrime mover
Crew1 + 18 (driver, 2 cabin seats, 16 platform seats)
Length6.22 m
Width2.35 m
Height2.74 m
Ground clearance?
Weight15.5 t
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 8 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear
Turn radius?
Engine350 hp
Power ratio22.6 hp/t
Transmission?
Speed36 km/h on road
Fuel?
Range270 km
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient?
Fording?
ArmorNo
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks3 t cargo capacity
18 t trailer
Armament-
Weapon1-
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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