Artillery / Mortars / 2B9 Vasilek

2B9 Vasilek

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Mortar

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Type DE 82 (Hungarian copy)
    Type W99 (Chinese copy)

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1960's

  • DESIGNER
    ?

  • PRODUCTION
    1971 - ?

  • PRODUCERS
    China - NORINCO
    Hungary - Army-COOP
    USSR - Bolshevik plant

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Very high rate of fire
    Direct fire ability
    Heavy
    Complex design
    Costly

Introduction

The 2B9 is an automatic 82mm mortar of Russian origin. It was introduced in 1971 in order to augment the firepower of Soviet front line troops. The full name is AM 2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower) with AM standing for Avotmaticheskiy Minomet, Russian for automatic mortar. The 2K21 complex comprises of the 2B9 and its 2F54 transport vehicle.

Layout

For a mortar the 2B9 has an unusual layout. It is based on a two wheel split trail carriage with a single outrigger at the front. The mortar looks like a cannon, is not muzzle loaded and fires from four round clips.

Firepower

The 2B9 fires standard Russian 82mm mortar rounds. The maximum range is 4.3 km. The cyclic rate of fire is 120 rounds per minute. A total of 224 rounds are carried in the transport vehicle, of which 96 are ready to fire in 4-round clips.

Mobility

The 2B9 can be moved over short distances on its two wheel carriage by infantry. Normally it is towed or carried internally by the 2F54 transport truck, which is based on the GAZ-66 light truck. It has also been observed mounted on top of the MT-LB tracked armored personnel carrier.

Users

The 2B9 was used by Russia and many Warsaw Pact nations and remains in limited use. The Chinese Type W99, which is a direct copy of the 2B9, was used by Iraq and may have been sold to other nations as well.

Variants

2B9 Vasilek

The 2B9 is an automatic smoothbore 82mm mortar that is fed from four round clips. It is one of the most unusual mortar designs as it looks more like a cannon with its two wheel split trail carriage. The Chinese Type W99 and Hungarian DE 82 are a copies of the 2B9.

TypeMortar
Crew?
Ordnance82mm smoothbore mortar
Elevation-1 to +85°
Traverse30° left and right
Rate of fire100 - 120 rpm
Range770 m to 4.270 km
CarriageFixed 2 wheel split trail carriage
Weight645 kg
Length?
Width?
Height?
Towing vehicle4x4 light truck
Speed?
Remarks-
TypeMortar
Crew?
Ordnance82mm smoothbore mortar
Elevation-1 to +85°
Traverse30° left and right
Rate of fire160 rpm cyclic
Range800 m to 4.270 km
CarriageFixed 2 wheel split trail carriage
Weight650 kg
Length?
Width?
Height?
Towing vehicle4x4 light truck
Speed60 km/h tow speed
Remarks-

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