Artillery / Mortars / M160

M160

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Mortar

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    -

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1940's (M43)
    Early 1960's (M160)

  • DESIGNER
    ?

  • PRODUCTION
    1943 - 1970's

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good range
    Heavy shells
    Very heavy
    Limited rate of fire

Introduction

The M43 is a heavy smoothbore 160mm mortar of Russian origin. It was developed in World War 2 as a simple and reliable solution for heavy shelling. It is one of the heaviest mortars that has been produced in large quantities.

Layout

The M43 is a breech loaded mortar on a two wheel carriage. When loading a shell the barrel is pivoted forward and the round is inserted from the rear. a large circular baseplate provides stability and the two wheels serve as a bipod.

Firepower

The M43 fires massive 160mm shells weighing over 40 kg. The M43 has a maximum range of 5.2 km. The longer barreled M160 has a range of 8 km. The rate of fire is 3 rounds per minute.

Mobility

The M43 is towed by its barrel behind a light truck. It is too heavy to be moved by infantry.

Users

The M43 was widely used in World War 2. It was exported to various nations. The M160 replaced the M43 in Russian service and remains in reserve use today.

Variants

M43

The M43 is a smoothbore 160mm mortar. It is breech loaded as the barrel is too long to muzzle load the shells. It is based on a two wheel carriage that doubles as a bipod. A large round baseplate provides stability.

M160

The M160 is an improved version of the M43 that was developed in the 1960's. It has been strengthened and has a longer barrel. Besides the original 160mm shells it fires a new shell with more explosive power.

  • Specifications:
  • M160
TypeMortar
Crew7
Ordnance160mm smoothbore mortar, 4.550 m tube
Elevation+50 to +80°
Traverse24°
Rate of fire2 to 3 rpm
Range750 to 8.040 km
CarriageFixed 2 wheel carriage, doubling as bipod in firing position, 1.75 m track
Weight1.300 kg (firing position), 1.470 kg (travelling)
Length4.860 m (travelling)
Width2.030 m (travelling)
Height1.690 m (travelling)
Towing vehicle4x4 light truck
Speed?
Remarks-

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