Artillery / Self-propelled mortars / 2S9 Anona

2S9 Anona

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Self-propelled mortar

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Nona-S
    SO-120 (Russian army designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1970's

  • DESIGNER
    TsNII TochMash

  • PRODUCTION
    1981 - 1988 (2S9) 1988 - ? (2S9-1)

  • PRODUCERS
    Russia - Motovilikha
    USSR- Motovilikha

  • QUANTITY
    Over 1.000

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Direct fire capability
    Long range
    Good mobility
    Amphibious
    No secondary armament
    Limited armor

Introduction

The 2S9 Anona is a self-propelled mortar of Russian origin. It was developed in the 1970's to improve the mobility of mortars serving with the air assault divisions. Additionaly it provides a direct fire and anti-tank capability. The 2S9 is the most numerous gun mortar vehicle in the world.

Layout

The chassis of the BTR-D armored personnel carrier serves as the basis for the 2S9. In the middle of the vehicle a turret is placed that is fitted with gun mortar. The commander and driver are seated in the hull and the gunner and loader in the turret.

Firepower

The 2A51 breech loaded 120mm smoothbore gun mortar is the main armament of the 2S9. The turret allows for a limited traverse left and right. The maximum effective range is 8.8 km and 13 km with assisted ammunition. The rate of fire is 6 to 8 rounds per minute. As a gun mortar it is capable of direct fire and special HEAT ammunition is available for use against armored vehicles. There is no secondary armament.

Protection

The 2S9 is operated under full armor protection. The aluminium armor protects against shell splinters and small arms fire.

Mobility

The tracked chassis hydropneumatic suspension provides a good cross country mobility. A 240 hp diesel engine provides propulsion. The 2S9 can be paradropped from a variety of aircraft.

Users

The 2S9 Anona is widely used in Russia and former states of the CIS. Unlike most Russian military equipment it is hardly used in Eastern Europe and saw limited exports.

Variants

2S9 Anona

The 2S9 Anona is a self-propelled mortar that is armed with a breech loaded 120mm smoothbore gun-mortar. The gun-mortar can be used for both direct and indirect fire. The product improved 2S9-1 features some internal redesigns and is capable of carrying 40 rounds instead of 25.

TypeSelf-propelled mortar
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)
Length6.02 m
Width2.63 m
Height2.3m on the move, 1.9 m in firing position
Ground clearance0.1 to 0.45 m, variable
Weight8.5 t combat load
Ground pressure0.5 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, idler front, sprocket rear, 2.38 m track, 3.23 m length, 0.25 m width
Turn radius?
Engine5D20 diesel engine, 240 hp
Power ratio28.2 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed60 km/h on road, 9 km/h in water
Fuel?
Range500 km on road, 75 - 90 km in water
Wall0.8 m
Trench1.8 m
Gradient60% gradient, 33% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament120mm 2A60 gun-mortar
Weapon1120mm 2A60 gun-mortar in turret
25 rounds
-4 to +80 degrees elevation, 35 degrees left and right traverse
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-
TypeSelf-propelled mortar
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)
Length6.02 m
Width2.63 m
Height2.3m on the move, 1.9 m in firing position
Ground clearance0.1 to 0.45 m, variable
Weight8.7 t combat load
Ground pressure0.5 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, idler front, sprocket rear, 2.38 m track, 3.23 m length, 0.25 m width
Turn radius?
Engine5D20 diesel engine, 240 hp
Power ratio27.6 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed60 km/h on road, 9 km/h in water
Fuel?
Range500 km on road, 75 - 90 km in water
Wall0.8 m
Trench1.8 m
Gradient60% gradient, 33% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament120mm 2A60 gun-mortar
Weapon1120mm 2A60 gun-mortar in turret
40 rounds
-4 to +80 degrees elevation, 30 degrees left and right traverse
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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