Artillery / Towed guns / A-19

A-19

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Towed howitzer

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    -

  • DESIGNED
    1927 - 1935

  • DESIGNER
    GRAU

  • PRODUCTION
    1935 - 1939 (M1931)
    1939 - 1946 (M1937)

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR - Barrikady

  • QUANTITY
    450 to 500 (M1931)
    About 2.450 (M1937)

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good range
    Very heavy
    Limited rate of fire

Introduction

The A-19 is a World War 2 era towed howitzer of Soviet origin. It was used alongside the larger caliber ML-20 as a corps gun. Due to its quality it remained in use after World War 2. Vehicle mounted versions of the ordnance were used in the ISU-122 self-propelled gun and IS-2 and IS-3 heavy tanks.

Layout

The A-19 was designed as a long range weapon and is fitted with a long barreled 122mm howitzer without muzzle brake. A shield gives the crew of 9 men some protection from small arms fire over the frontal arc. The original two wheel split trail carriage used large rigid wheels. After a few years production the carriage of the ML-20 was used.

Firepower

The A-19 fires 122mm shells out to 20.4 km. The rate of fire is 3 to 4 rounds per minute. If needed the A-19 can be used for direct fire, but it's size and weight make it inconvenient to use in this role. It proved to be able to knock out the latest German tanks.

Mobility

Artillery tractors are used to move the A-19 since the A-19 is too heavy to be moved by hand. The improved M1937 model with the ML-20 carriage has pressurized tires and is easier to tow.

Users

The A-19 was widely used by Soviet forces during World War 2. After the war it remained in use and was replaced by the more capable M-46. Surplus weapons were widely exported to Soviet allies and remained in use in the Middle East, Africa and Asia as late as the 1980's. Small numbers may still remain in reserve.

Variants

M1931

M1931: The M1931 is the original version of the A-19. The ordnance is installed on a two wheel split trail carriage with large iron wheels with rigid rubber tires.

TypeTowed howitzer
Crew9
Ordnance122mm L/46 howitzer
Elevation-2 to +45°
Traverse56°
Rate of fire3 to 4 rpm
Range20.4 km
Carriage2 wheel split trail carriage
Weight7.1 t (in position), 7.8 t (travelling)
Length8.9 m
Width2.35 m
Height1.99 m
Towing vehicleartillery tractor
Speed?
RemarksGun shield

M1937

M1937: The improved M1937 uses the ordnance of the M1931 and the more capable carriage of the 152mm ML-20 gun-howitzer. This makes the weapon easier to handle, improves mobility and reduced the production costs. The firing characteristics remain unchanged. The M1937 is also referred to as the M1931/37 or M1931/1937.

TypeTowed howitzer
Crew9
Ordnance122mm L/46 howitzer
Elevation-2 to +65°
Traverse58°
Rate of fire3 to 4 rpm
Range20.4 km
Carriage2 wheel split trail carriage
Weight7.117 kg (in position), 7.907 kg (travelling)
Length8.73 m
Width2.35 m
Height2.27 m
Towing vehicleartillery tractor
Speed?
RemarksGun shield

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