Artillery / Towed guns / D-1

D-1

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Towed howitzer

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    152-mm gaubitsa obr. 1943 g. (official designation)
    M1943 (NATO designation)
    Type 54 (Chinese production)

  • DESIGNED
    1941 - 1942

  • DESIGNER
    F.F. Petrov design bureau

  • PRODUCTION
    1943 - 1949

  • PRODUCERS
    China - State arsenals
    USSR - State arsenal No.9

  • QUANTITY
    2.827 built

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Powerful shells Low weight given caliber
    Rugged and reliable
    Moderate range

Introduction

The D-1 is a World War 2 era towed howitzer of Soviet origin. It was developed as a lighter and more mobile alternative to the ML-20 and as a follow on to the M-11. Production continued for several years after World War 2. It was produced under license in China as the Type 54.

Layout

The D-1 can be considered a mix between the M-30 and M-11. The two wheel split trail carriage used with the M-30 is mated with the 152mm ordnance used in the M-11. This makes the D-1 much lighter than contemporary weapons with similar caliber, albeit with a somewhat lower performance. A shield gives the crew of 8 some protection from small arms fire over the frontal arc.

Firepower

The D-1 fires powerful 152mm shells from its short 27-caliber ordnance with double baffle muzzle brake. The maximum rate of fire is 3 to 4 rounds per minute. The maximum range is 12.4 km

Mobility

The limited weight makes that the D-1 can be towed by truck rather than by artillery tractor. Despite its limited weight it is still too heavy to be manhandled.

Users

The D-1 was used by Soviet forces during World War 2. It remained in Soviet and East Bloc service for several decades. It was exported to various nations with ties to the USSR and it was used during various Middle Eastern conflicts. Nowadays several dozen remain in limited reserve use in various parts of the world.

Variants

D-1

The D-1 is a towed howitzer that is identified by its M-30 carriage with short 152mm ordnance with double baffle muzzle brake. It was produced in only one version, although several prototype variants have been developed.

  • Specifications:
  • D-1
TypeTowed howitzer
Crew8
Ordnance152mm L/27.6 howitzer, 4.207 m barrel
Elevation-3 to +64°
Traverse17° left and right
Rate of fire3 - 4 rpm
Range12.4 km
Carriage2 wheel split trail carriage
Weight3.6 t
Length6.7 m
Width?
Height?
Towing vehicle6x6 truck
Speed?
RemarksGun shield

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