Artillery / Self-propelled howitzers / 2S5 Giatsint

2S5 Giatsint

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Self-propelled howitzer

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    M1981 (NATO designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1968 - 1972

  • DESIGNER
    Sverdlovsk Machinery Construction Factory

  • PRODUCTION
    1976 - late 1980's

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR

  • QUANTITY
    Over 1.000 produced

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Longer range than most contemporary systems
    Exposed crew in firing position

Introduction

The 2S5 Giatsint-S is a tracked self-propelled howitzer of Russian origin. It was developed in the mid 1970's alongside the towed 2A36 Giatsint-B. The 2S5 was to provide longer range fire than the 2S1 and 2S3. Production commenced in 1976. In the West it is known as the M1981.

Layout

The engine is mounted in the front right with the driver seated to the left of it. The commander and three crew are seated behind the engine. The ordnance is mounted at the rear and a platform is lowered to serve as a stable firing position. In the firing position a spade is lowered and the crew operates the ordnance in the open.

Firepower

The 2S5 is fitted with the long barreled 152mm 2A37 gun. The maximum range is 28.4km with standard ammunition and 37km with advanced projectiles. The maximum rate of fire is 5 to 6 rounds per minute. A total of 30 shells are carried on the vehicle. A 7.62mm PKT machine gun is mounted at the commander's position for self defense.

Protection

The steel armor protects the crew against small arms fire and shell splinters when on the move. In the firing position the crew members are unprotected as the ordnance is mounted in the open. An NBC system is fitted, but smoke grenade launchers are not.

Mobility

The 2S5 is based on a tracked chassis that provides a good cross country performance. A 520hp diesel engine provides propulsion. The 2S5 is not amphibious.

Users

The 2S5 is mainly used with Russian and Eastern European forces. Unlike most Soviet equipment the 2S5 is hardly used by third world nations as towed long range guns can provide a near similar ability at much lower costs. Most 2S5 remain in active service.

Variants

2S5 Giatsint

The 2S5 Giatsint-S is a tracked self-propelled howitzer with a long barrel 152mm ordnance. No variants of the 2S5 were ever developed. The 2S5 is based on a tracked armored chassis that serves as a carrier for the five crew members and as a platform for the 152mm 2A37 gun and its ammunition.

TypeSelf-propelled howitzer
Crew5 (commander, driver, gunner, 2 loaders)
Length8.33 m
Width3.25 m
Height2.76 m
Ground clearance0.45 m
Weight28.2 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear
Turn radius?
EngineV-59 V12 multifuel diesel, 520 hp
Power ratio18.4 hp/t
Transmission?
Speed63 km/h
Fuel?
Range500 km
Wall0.7 m
Trench2.5 m
Gradient58% gradient, 47% slope
Fording1.05 m
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament152mm 2A37 howitzer
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Weapon1152mm 2A37 howitzer
30 rounds
-2 to +57 degrees elevation, powered
-15 to +15 degrees traverse, powered, non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm PKT machine gun on roof
100 rounds ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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