Early 1990's - 2000's
China - NORINCO
- UNIT COST
Good rate of fire
The PLZ89 is a tracked 122mm self-propelled howitzer of Chinese origin. The PLZ89 is also known as the Type 89. It was designed in the 1980's to replace the Type 70 tracked 122mm howitzer. The newer PLZ07 has been designed to supplement the PLZ89.
The PLZ89 is based on a new tracked chassis that is derived from the Type 77 armored personnel carrier. The crew of five consists of a commander, driver, gunner and two loaders. The engine is mounted at the front right and the driver is seated at the left. The turret is fitted at the rear of the vehicle.
The 122mm howitzer is derived from the D-30 and has a similar performance. The maximum rate of fire is 6 to 8 rounds per minute. Standard ammunition is fired out to 15km and special base bleed ammunition out to 21km. A total of 40 rounds of 122mm ammunition are carried. For self defense a 12.7mm QJC88 machine gun is mounted on the turret roof.
The PLZ89 is operated under full armor protection. The aluminum hull and turret armor protects the crew from small arms fire and shell splinters. NBC and fire suppression systems are fitted. A total of 8 smoke dischargers are fitted at the turret sides.
The PLZ89 is based on a tracked chassis and has a reasonable cross country performance. A 450hp diesel engine provides propulsion. There is no mention of an auxiliary power unit. The PLZ89 is amphibious when assisted by flotation devices.
The PLZ89 is fielded with the Chinese armed forces since the late 1990's. The PLZ89 was to become the standard 122mm self-propelled howitzer. No exports are reported.
PLZ89: The PLZ89 is a tracked self-propelled howitzer of Chinese. Only a single version exists. The PLZ89 has a conventional layout with the driver and engine in the front of the hull and the turret with the other four crew members at the rear of the hull. The armament consists of a 122mm D-30 howitzer and a 12.7mm QJC88 heavy machinegun for self-defense.
|Crew||5 (commander, driver, gunner, 2 loaders)|
|Wheelbase||Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear|
|Engine||12V150L12 diesel, 450 hp|
|Power ratio||22.0 hp/t|
|Fording||Amphibious with preparation|
|Smoke||2x4 smoke grenade dischargers|
|Armament||122mm L/32 howitzer|
12.7mm W85 heavy machine gun
|Weapon1||122mm L/32 howitzer|
360° traverse, powered
|Weapon2||12.7mm W85 heavy machine gun on turret roof|
manual traverse and elevation