Artillery / Multiple rocket launchers / ASTROS II

ASTROS II

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Multiple rocket launcher

  • ORIGIN
    Brazil

  • NICKNAMES
    Sajeel 60 (Iraqi designation)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1980's

  • DESIGNER
    Avibrás

  • PRODUCTION
    Early 1980's - late 1990's, but still available

  • PRODUCERS
    Brazil - Avibrás

  • QUANTITY
    At least 168

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Interchangable rocket types
    Accurate and long range
    Good level of protection
    Good mobility

Introduction

The ASTROS II is a multiple rocket launcher of Brazilian origin. It was developed in the early 1980's by Avibrás for Brazilian and export use. The ASTROS II design is unique as it was the first system to offer multiple types of artillery rockets from the same launch system. The name ASTROS is short for Artillery SaTuration Rocket System.

Layout

The ASTROS II is based on the TECTRAN family of armored 10 t trucks. The launch vehicle has a launch installation on the flatbed which is reloaded with four boxes that may feature various kinds of rocket types. Four jacks stabilize the vehicle in the launch position. The target coordinates are relayed from the command vehicle and the fire mission is carried out from within the vehicle.

Firepower

The ASTROS II launch vehicle may carry 32 127mm rockers, 16 180mm rockets and 4 300mm rockets. The maximum range of the 127mm rockets is 30 km while the longest range 300mm rocket may reach up to 90 km. The small 127mm rockets have a unitary warhead while all other models feature 20 to 65 dual purpose anti-personnel and anti-tank bomblets. A 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun is mounted on the roof for self-defense.

Protection

The TECTRAN trucks feature an armored cab that protects the crew from small arms fire and shell splinters. The vehicle is operated from under armor protection. Six smoke grenade launchers are fitted on the roof ring mount. The presence of a NBC system is likely. The ability to shoot and move away quickly reduces the risk of counter battery fire.

Mobility

The ASTROS II is a highly mobile system with high speeds on road and the 6x6 chassis provides a good cross country performance. A Mercedes 280 hp diesel engine provides propulsion.

Users

The first user of the ASTROS II was Brazil. The majority of the ASTROS II systems were exported, mainly to the Middle East. The ASTROS II was extensively used by Iraq during the Iran-Iraq war and by Iraq and Saudi Arabia during the 1991 Gulf War. The ASTROS II remains available for production.

Variants

ASTROS vehicles

The ASTROS II system consists of several vehicles which are all based on the TECTRAN VBT-2028 6x6 10 t truck chassis. Usually a battery consists of 6 launchers, 6 transloaders and a radar vehicle. Other variations include 4 launchers, 2 transloaders and a radar vehicle.

AV-LMU: The AV-LMU is the launch vehicle that carries and launches all types of ASTROS rockets. The launch vehicle may carry 32 SS-30, 16 SS-40 or 4 SS-60 and SS-80 missiles.
AV-RMD: The AV-RMD is a transloader that carries two full loads for the AV-LMU on its flatbed and uses a hydraulic crane for reloading.
AV-UCF: The AV-UCF is a radar fire control vehicle which may be used to track and adjust the ASTROS rockets and identify enemy launch positions. The radar system used is the Contraves Fieldguard system.
AV-VCC: The AV-VCC is a command and control vehicle with a shelter body. It can be used to command several batteries.
AV-MET: The AV-MET is a mobile weather station that provides atmospheric data to improve the targeting process.
AV-VBA: The AV-VBA is the maintainance vehicle of the ASTROS system. As with the AV-VCC it is not present in every battery.
AV-CBO: The AV-CBO is a radar vehicle to search for ships and provide targeting data for the ASTROS in the anti-shipping role. Only Brazil uses this vehicle.

TypeMultiple rocket launcher
Crew3
Length7 m
Width2.9 m
Height2.6 m
Ground clearance?
Weight20 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 6x6
Turn radius?
EngineMercedes OM442 8-cylinder diesel, 280 hp
Power ratio14.0 hp/t
Transmission?
Speed90 km/h on road, 35 km/h cross country
Fuel250 L
Range480 km
Wall1 m
Trench2.3 m
Gradient60% gradient, 20% slope
Fording1.1 m
Armor?
NBC equipment?
Night vision?
Smoke6x smoke grenade launcher
Remarks-
ArmamentASTROS rocket launcher
12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Weapon1ASTROS launcher on flatbed
4 reloading boxes with 1 to 8 rockets each, all ready to fire
Weapon212.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun on roof
100 rounds ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

ASTROS rockets

The ASTROS II system is able to use four kinds of spin stabilized artillery rockets. The rockets are carried in long square reloading boxes of which four are carried on the launch vehicle and eight on the transloader. The rockets have the same sleek design with wrap around folding rear fins and only differ in size. The available warheads include high explosive, incendiary white phosfor, concrete piercing, mixed bomblets, AP and AT mines.

127mm SS-30: The SS-30 is the smallest ASTROS artillery rocket and due to its size it has a unitary warhead. Eight rockets are fitted in a single reloading box.
180mm SS-40: The SS-40 is the medium size ASTROS rocket. It is the smallest rocket in the system to feature a warhead with bomblets. Four rockets are fitted in a reloading box.
300mm SS-60: The SS-60 is the standard long range artillery rocket. A single missile is loaded in a launch box. A single rocket is carried in a reloading box.
300mm SS-80: The SS-80 is the extended range version of the SS-60 and has the same dimensions. The warhead size is reduced to carry more rocket fuel.

TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter127 mm body
Length3.9 m
Weight68 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
Warhead25 kg unitary warhead
PropulsionSolid fuel rocket motor
Speed2.400 km/h
Range9 km minimum, 30 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
Remarks-
TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter180 mm body
Length4.2 m
Weight152 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
Warhead45 kg warhead, 20 dual effect bomblets
PropulsionSolid fuel rocket motor
Speed2.400 km/h
Range15 km minimum, 35 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
Remarks-
TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter300 mm body
Length5.6 m
Weight595 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
Warhead212 kg warhead, 65 dual effect bomblets
PropulsionSolid fuel rocket motor
Speed2.100 km/h
Range20 km minimum, 60 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
Remarks-
TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter300 mm body
Length5.6 m
Weight595 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
Warhead180 kg warhead, about 55 dual effect bomblets
PropulsionSolid fuel rocket motor
Speed2.100 km/h
Range22 km minimum, 90 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
Remarks-

Media

Copyright © 2002 - 2014 Weaponsystems.net