Artillery / Multiple rocket launchers / BM-27 Uragan

BM-27 Uragan

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Multiple rocket launcher

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    9K57 (GRAU designation)
    Uragan, hurricane
    BM-22 or BM-27
    BM 9P140 (launch vehicle)
    M1977 (NATO designation)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1970's - 1975

  • DESIGNER
    Splav

  • PRODUCTION
    1975 - ?

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR - Splav

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Long range
    Variety of warheads available
    Good all terrain mobility
    Unarmored
    Long reload time

Introduction

The Uragan is a multiple rocket launcher of Soviet origin. It was developed in the 1970's as a more powerful and longer range alternative to the variety of smaller caliber artillery rockets in Soviet service. The name Uragan is Russian for hurricane.

Layout

The Uragan is based on the Zil-135 all terrain 8x8 truck chassis. The unarmored crew cab is located at the front, followed by its two engines and the 16 round rocket launcher. In the firing position jacks are lowered and a blast shield covers the windows.

Firepower

The Uragan fires 220mm unguided spin stabilized artillery rockets at rapid succession out to 35 km. A total of 16 rockets are carried and ready to fire. Besides the standard HE-Frag warhead rockets with chemical or AP and AT mines are available.

Protection

The Uragan is an unarmored system that is vulnerable to any kind of direct and indirect fire. Its long range allows it to engage many enemy systems beyond their maximum range, operating in relative safety behind friendly troops. An NBC system is fitted as standard.

Mobility

The Zil-135 8x8 truck on which the Uragan system is based has a proven all terrain ability. It has a good mobility on roads and in the field. Two 180 hp gas engines provide propulsion and allow for a top speed of 65 km/h

Users

The Uragan system has been adopted in large numbers with Soviet forces and a number of Soviet allies. It has not been exported as extensively as many smaller caliber Soviet artillery systems. The Uragan remain in use today and remains a capable system amongst newer and longer range systems.

Variants

9P120 launch vehicle

The 9P120 is the launch vehicle and as such the most important part of the Uragan system. It is based on the Zil-135 chassis and carries 16 rockets in its trainable launcher.

TypeMultiple rocket launcher
Crew4
Length9.63 m
Width2.8 m
Height3.23 m
Ground clearance0.58 m
Weight20 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 8x8, 2.41 + 1.5 + 2.40 m wheelbase, 2.3 m track
Turn radius12. 5m
Engine2x 8-cylinder petrol, 177 hp each at 3.200 rpm
Power ratio17.7 hp/t
Transmission?
Speed65 km/h on road
Fuel768 L
Range570 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench2.0 m
Gradient57% gradient
Fording1.2 m
ArmorNo
NBC equipment?
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament220mm Uragan rocket launcher (16x)
Weapon1220mm Uragan rocket launcher
16 rounds, all ready to fire
-30 to +30 degrees traverse
-0 to +55° elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

9T452 transloader

The 9T452 is a transloader vehicle based on the same Zil-135 chassis as the launch vehicle. It carries additional 220mm rockets and is equipped with a crane for reloading the launch vehicle. Reloading takes 20 minutes.

TypeTransloader
Crew3
Length10 m
Width2.8 m
Height3.2 m
Ground clearance0.58 m
Weight20 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 8x8, 2.41 + 1.5 + 2.40 m wheelbase, 2.3 m track
Turn radius12. 5m
Engine2x 8-cylinder petrol, 177 hp each at 3.200 rpm
Power ratio17.7 hp/t
Transmission?
Speed65 km/h on road
Fuel768 L
Range570 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench2.0 m
Gradient57% gradient
Fording1.2 m
ArmorNo
NBC equipment?
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament-
Weapon1-
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

BM-27 rockets

The 220mm rockets are conventional spin-stabilized unguided artillery rockets. They feature a solid propellant rocket motor, wrap around folding wings and may be fitted with a variety of warheads.

9M27F: Standard artillery rocket with unitary HE-Frag warhead.
9M27K1: Container rocket for 30 N9N210 anti-material bomblets.
9M27K2: Container rocket for 24 PGMDM anti-tank mines.
9M27K3: Container rocket for 312 PFM-1 anti-personnel mines.
9M59: Container rocket for 9 directional charge bottom attack anti-tank mines.

TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter220 mm body
Length4.832 m
Weight280 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
Warhead100 kg unitary HE-Frag warhead with 51.7 kg HE
PropulsionSolid propellant rocket motor
Speed?
Range10 km minimum, 35 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
Remarks-
TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter220 mm body
Length5.178 m
Weight270 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
WarheadWarhead with 30 anti-material bomblets
PropulsionSolid propellant rocket motor
Speed?
Range10 km minimum, 35 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
Remarks-
TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter220 mm body
Length5.178 m
Weight270 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
Warhead89.5 kg warhead with 24 PTM-1 AT mines
PropulsionSolid propellant rocket motor
Speed?
Range10 km minimum, 35 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
RemarksMines have 3 to 40 hour self-destruct time
TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter220 mm body
Length5.178 m
Weight270 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
WarheadWarhead with 312 PFM-1 AP mines
PropulsionSolid propellant rocket motor
Speed?
Range10 km minimum, 35 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
Remarks-
TypeArtillery rocket
Diameter220 mm body
Length5.178 m
Weight270 kg
GuidanceUnguided, ballistic flight
Warhead89.5 kg warhead with 9 directional blast AT mines
PropulsionSolid propellant rocket motor
Speed?
Range10 km minimum, 35 km maximum
Altitude-
Engagement envelope-
RemarksMines have 16 to 24 hour self-destruct time

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