Air defense / MANPADS / HN-5

HN-5

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Man portable SAM system

  • ORIGIN
    China

  • NICKNAMES
    HongNu-5 (Chinese service)
    HongYing-5 (common nickname)
    Anza Mk I (Pakistani production)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1970's

  • DESIGNER
    Chinese state arsenals

  • PRODUCTION
    Mid 1970's - present

  • PRODUCERS
    China
    Pakistan

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Low production costs
    Limited resistance to flares
    No all aspect target engagement

Introduction

The HN-5 is a Cold War era man portable SAM system of Chinese origin. It is a reverse engineered version of the Soviet Strela-2 (SA-7). Reportedly the name HN-5 is the export designation, with those in Chinese service called HY-5.

Design

The original HN-5 is a direct copy of the Soviet Strela-2 (SA-7A) and looks very similar. It has a common design with IR seeker in the nose and solid fuel rocket motor. Over time the missile was upgraded indigenously, but the upgrades were inspired by Soviet Strela-2M and Strela-3.

Firepower

The HN-5 is a supersonic missile with a maximum speed of 500 m/s. The maximum range is 4.4 km and the maximum altitude is 2.5 km. The seeker is rear aspect only and easily fooled by flares, although seeker quality was improved over time.

Mobility

The HN-5 is a very mobile system as the missile and its gripstock launcher are man portable, even over longer ranges. The system is operated by a single person.

Users

The HN-5 was adopted in quantity by Chinese forces and was exported to various nations. Early versions were used by North Vietnam against US fighter aircraft with limited success. Pakistan used it against Indian aircraft with 3 reported kills. Nowadays the HN-5 is considered outdated but it remains in use around the world. In Chinese service it has been supplemented with QW-1 and HQ-6 missiles.

Variants

HN-5

The HN-5 is a direct copy of the Soviet Strela-2M. Subsequent improvements have been designed locally, although inspired on Soviet improvement efforts.

HN-5: Original production model. Direct copy of Soviet Strela-2 (SA-7A).
HN-5A: Improved production model with better IR seeker and improved range. Similar or slightly better performance as Soviet Strela-2M (SA-7B).
HN-5B: Further improved HN-5A with some improvements derived from Soviet Strela-3 (SA-14).
HN-5C: Vehicle mounted version of HN-5B. Unknown if produced in quantity.
HQ-5C: HN-5B apparently produced to conform to 'Western standards'.
Anza Mk I: Pakistani production of HN-5B.

TypeSurface to air missile
Diameter72 mm body
Length1.44 m
Weight10 to 11 kg
GuidanceSingle channel passive infra-red homing seeker
WarheadHE-Frag, 1.17 kg, impact fuze
PropulsionSingle-stage solid propellant rocket motor plus ejection motor
Speed?
Range800 m to 4.4 km
Altitude50 m to 2.3 km
Engagement envelopemax target speed is 260 m/s receding, 150 m/s approaching
RemarksSK-5A gripstock weights 5 kg

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