Air defense / Anti-aircraft guns / Type 87

Type 87

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Towed anti-aircraft gun

  • ORIGIN
    China

  • NICKNAMES
    WA309 (industry designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1976 - 1984

  • DESIGNER
    Norinco

  • PRODUCTION
    1987 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    China - Norinco

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Increased effective range over ZU-23
    Target tracking during reloading
    Easy to operate
    Low cost system
    Manual traverse and elevation

Introduction

The Type 87 is a towed anti-aircraft gun of Chinese origin. It was developed as a more capable alternative to the proven Soviet ZU-23 design. The Type 87 uses the NATO standard 25x137mm round which is also used on various armored vehicles, increasing ammunition commonality.

Layout

The Type 87 has been derived from the Soviet ZU-23 design. The Type 87 differs in three areas since it uses 25mm autocannon, has a Type 86 sight unit and is fitted with three crew seats. This allows the gunner to acquire targets while dedicated loaders provide new ammunition.

Firepower

The Type 87 uses two 25x137mm versions of the ZU-23 autocannon. This results in an increased effective range of 3.2 km and reduced rate of fire of 600 to 700 rpm per barrel. Each gun is supplied with a 40 round ammunition belt. The 25mm rounds are also more effective against ground targets, having either a higher degree of armor penetration or a larger explosive radius.

Mobility

The Type 87 is normally towed by a 4x4 light truck. For increased mobility it can be mounted on a 6x6 truck. When mounted on a vehicle it is also easier to employ it against ground targets.

Users

The Type 87 is used by Chinese forces and has possibly been exported in small numbers. In Chinese service it replaced the less effictive 14.5mm Type 58 anti-aircraft gun.

Variants

Type 87

The Type 87 is a further development of the Russian ZU-23, which was produced in Chinas as the Type 85. The Type 87 uses a larger caliber armament with reduced rate of fire. The Type 87 can be distinct from the ZU-23 and Type 85 by the fluted barrels and tripple seats instead of two.

TypeTowed anti-aircraft gun
Crew3 (1 gunner, 2 loaders)
Ordnance25x137mm Type 87 autocannon (2x)
Elevation-10 to +90°, manual
Traverse360°, manual
Rate of fire600 - 700 rpm cyclic (per barrel), 1.200 - 1.400 rpm combined
Range3.2 km effective vertical range, 5 km slant range
Carriage2 wheel carriage with three outriggers
Weight1.500 kg without ammunition
Length4.68 m (travelling)
Width2.04 m (travelling)
Height2.08 m (travelling)
Towing vehicle4x4 light truck
Speed60 km/h on roads, 20 km/h on dirt road
Remarks-

Media

Copyright © 2002 - 2014 Weaponsystems.net