Air defense / Self-propelled anti-aircraft guns / AMX-13 DCA

AMX-13 DCA

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun

  • ORIGIN
    France

  • NICKNAMES
    AMX-DCA
    DCA / Défense Contre Avions, defense against aircraft

  • DESIGNED
    1960’s

  • DESIGNER
    SAMM, Thomson-CSF, Hispano-Suiza

  • PRODUCTION
    1969

  • PRODUCERS
    France

  • QUANTITY
    A total of 60 vehicles produced.

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Powerful armament with good range
    Radar guidance for all weather engagement
    Effective against ground targets
    Expensive to produce
    Shorter effective range than modern anti-tank missiles

Introduction

The AMX-13 DCA is an early Cold War era self-propelled anti-aircraft gun of French origin. It was developed in the late 1960’s to provide forward air defense to French tank battalions. A relatively small production run of 60 vehicles was completed and served until the end of the Cold War. The name DCA stands for Défense Contre Avions which translates to defense against aircraft. The AMX-13 DCA was never used in combat and is no longer in use.

Layout

The AMX-13 DCA is based on the AMX-13 chassis and is fitted with a large two man turret that is armed with two 30mm autocannon which are mounted side by side at the front of the turret. The engine and drive train are located at the front and the driver is seated in the left side of the hull.

Firepower

The armament consists of two powerful 30mm HS-831A autocannon. The guns can be fired semi-automatically or in burst of 5 to 15 rounds. The cyclic rate of fire is 650 rpm per barrel. The maximum effective range is 3 km with the slant range being 5 km.

Fire control

The AMX-13 DCA is fitted with a Oeil Noir 1 doppler seach and tracking radar. Aircraft and helicopters can be detected out to 12 km and at altitudes of up to 3 km. Alternatively manual fire control can be used.

Protection

The AMX-13 DCA is operated from under full armor protection. The steel hull and turret provide protection against small arms fire and shell splinters. An NBC system was not present but four smoke grenade dischargers are fitted on the turret rear.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides a good off road performance and allows it to keep up with AMX-13 and AMX-30 tanks in the field. The maximum road speed is reasonable at 60 km/h. A 250 hp petrol engine provides propulsion.

Users

The AMX-13 DCA was only adopted by the French army and only 60 have been produced. The AMX-13 DCA was retired from service at the end of the Cold War along with the rest of the AMX-13 light tanks. Saudi Arabia adopted the AMX-30 DCA which uses an improved DCA turret on the larger AMX-30 tank chassis.

Variants

AMX-13 DCA

AMX-13 DCA: The AMX-13 DCA is a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun based on the AMX-13 light tank chassis. The large round turret with two large barrels make it easy to identify.

The AMX-13 DCA has no variants, although it was developed into the AMX-30 DCA. This system looks very similar but is based on the larger AMX-30 tank chassis.

The AMX-13 chassis was also fitted with the TA-20 turret as used in the VDAA system, but this development never left the prototype stage.

TypeSelf-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length4.9 m (hull), 5.4 m (guns forward)
Width2.51 m
Height3.8 m
Ground clearance0.37 m
Weight17.2 t combat load
Ground pressure0.87 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 2.16 m track, 3.00 m length, 0.35 m width
Turn radiusskid turns
EngineModel 8Gxb 8-cylinder petrol, 250 hp at 3.200 rpm
Power ratio14.5 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed60 km/h
Fuel480 L
Range300 km
Wall0.65 m
Trench1.6 m
Gradient60% gradient
Fording0.6 m
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentNo
Night vision?
Smoke2x2 smoke grenade dischargers
RemarksOeil Noir 1 radar on turret
Armament2x 30mm HS-831 autocannon
Weapon12x 30mm HS-831A autocannon on turret
-5 to +85° elevation, 45°/s powered
360° traverse, 80°/s powered
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
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