Aircraft / Attack helicopters / Mi-24 Hind

Mi-24 Hind

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Attack helicopter

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Hind (NATO reporting name)
    Stakan (Glass, nickname for Mi-24A)
    Krokodil (Crocodile, nickname for all models)

  • DESIGNED
    1968 - 1971

  • DESIGNER
    Mikhail Leontyevich Mil

  • PRODUCTION
    1972 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Russia - Mil
    USSR - Mil

  • QUANTITY
    Over 2.500 produced

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Carries a lot of firepower
    Well armored
    Ability to transport troops or spares
    Carries mostly limited precision weapons

Introduction

The Mi-24 is an attack helicopter of Soviet origin. It was developed in the late 1960’s to provide Soviet forces with a similar capability as the US AH-1 Cobra. The Mi-24 is unique in being an attack helicopter with a sizeable troop compartment. Due to its size and armor it is the heaviest attack helicopter in use. The commonly used NATO reporting name for the Mi-24 is Hind.

Layout

The Mi-24 was derived from the successful Mi-8 transport helicopter. It features a distinctive tandem cockpit with the gunner in the front and the pilot at the rear. The troop compartment with large doors on either size is located behind the cockpit and under the two large engines that power the massive five blade main rotor. A large stub wing on either side creates additional lift and three hardpoints. The tricycle landing gear is retractable which aids in streamlining.

Firepower

Most Mi-24 feature a 12.7mm Yak-B minigun in a chin turret while some have a very powerful two barrel 30mm GSh-30K autocannon straddled along the right side of the cockpit. The inner pylons are used to carry unguided rockets such as the 57mm S-5 and 80mm S-8, gun pods such as the UPK-23 and a variety of free fall bombs. The outer pylons are fitted with guided anti-tank missiles such as the AT-2 missiles on early models and AT-6 and AT-9 on later models.

Protection

The armor protection of the Mi-24 is considerable. The fuselage and rotor blades will withstand 12.7mm rounds from any angle. The cockpit is even better protected and will even resist 37mm shells. Many Hinds in current service feature large exhaust diffusers on either side of the engines to reduce IR signature and increase their chance against most MANPADS.

Mobility

Even though the Mi-24 is a very heavy helicopter it is able to reach high speeds due to the enormous power provided by the two 2.200 hp Isotov engines and its streamlined design. At high speeds the stub wings provide up to a quarter of the required lift.

Users

The Mi-24 was the main attack helicopter in Soviet service and was employed in large numbers. In Russian service the Mi-24 remains in widespread use although it is complemented by small numbers of Mi-28 and Ka-50. Export models with downgraded capabilities were exported to most Warsaw Pact members and a wide variety of Soviet allies. The Mi-24 has been used in many conflicts in Africa, Asia and the Middle East.

Variants

Hind-A

The Hind-A is the original production version of the Hind and was only produced in 1972. The early production models are easily identified by their stumpy side by side cockpit with large windows. They are armed with MCLOS versions of the AT-2 Swatter and have a 12.7mm UB machine gun in the nose.
Mi-24 Hind-A: The original Soviet version of the Hind.
Mi-24A Hind-B: Similar to Hind-A but lacking 12.7mm UB in nose.
Mi-24U Hind-C: Training version without gun in the nose and lacking outer pylons.

TypeAttack helicopter
Crew2 + 8 (pilot, gunner, 8 troops)
Lenght?
WidthWingspan: 6.5 m
Height?
Weight?
RotorsFive blade main rotor, four blade tail rotor
DiameterMain: 17.3 m
Tail: 3.9 m
Disc areaMain: 235 m2
Tail: 12 m2
Chord?
Powerplant2x Isotov TV2-117A turbine, 1.700 hp each
Speed320 km/h max
Range?
Fuel?
Climb rate15 m/s
Ceiling?
Endurance?
Landing gearRetractable tricycle, double front wheels, two single rear wheels
ArmorProtected against 12.7mm all around, incl rotor blades, cockpit resistant to 37mm rounds
Cargo8 troops
4 stretchers
spare parts or additional ammunition
Avionics?
Self defense?
Remarks-
Weapon systems12.7mm UB machine gun
AT-2 Swatter anti-tank missiles
57mm S-5 rockets
240mm S-24 rockets
free fall bombs
Fixed weapons12.7mm UB machine gun in cockpit
Hardpoints4 hardpoints, 2 wingtips
Option 1AT-2 Swatter (MCLOS) anti-tank missile
2 missiles on each wingtip
Option 2S-5 rockets in 16 round UV-16 or 32 round UV-32 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 3S-24 rocket on each hardpoint
Option 4FAB-250 bomb, KMGU dispenser or 4x FAB-100 bomb on each hardpoint
Option 5-
Option 6-
Option 7-
Option 8-

Hind-D

The Mi-24D is much more common than all previous versions. It entered production in 1973, only a year after the Mi-24 was accepted for service. The Mi-24D is the first version to use the new forward fuselage and cockpit design. It has a Yak-B minigun in a chin turret and uses the SACLOS version of the AT-2 Swatter anti-tank missile.
Mi-24D Hind-D: The original Soviet version of the Hind-D.
Mi-25 Hind-D: The export version of the Mi-24 is called the Mi-25.

TypeAttack helicopter
Crew2 + 8 (pilot, gunner, 8 troops)
LenghtFuselage: 17.5 m
Rotors turning: 21.6 m
WidthWingspan: 6.5 m
Height6.5 m
WeightEmpty: 8.4 t
Normal: 11.1 t
MTOW: 11.5 t
RotorsFive blade main rotor, three blade tail rotor
DiameterMain: 17.3 m
Tail: 3.9 m
Disc areaMain: 235 m2
Tail: 12 m2
Chord?
Powerplant2x Isotov TV3-117 turbine, 2.200 hp each
Speed335 km/h max
295 km/h cruise
Range450 km range
950 km range with auxilary fuel
Fuel1.840 L internal
500 L tanks on each hardpoint
Climb rate15 m/s
Ceiling4.5 km
Endurance?
Landing gearRetractable tricycle, double front wheels, two single rear wheels, 4.39 m wheelbase, 3.03 m track
ArmorProtected against 12.7mm all around, incl rotor blades, cockpit resistant to 37mm rounds
Cargo8 troops
4 stretchers
spare parts or additional ammunition
AvionicsStandard flight controls, electro optical sight, IFF system
Self defenseRadar warning receiver, IR jammer, flares, optional heat diffusers
Remarks-
Weapon systems12.7mm Yak-B minigun
AT-2 Swatter anti-tank missiles
57mm S-5 rockets
240mm S-24 rockets
GUV gun pod
UPK-23 gun pod
free fall bombs
Fixed weapons12.7mm Yak-B minigun in chin turret with 1.470 rounds
Hardpoints4 hardpoints, 2 wingtips
Option 1AT-2 Swatter (SACLOS) anti-tank missile
2 missiles on each wingtip
Option 2S-5 rockets in 16 round UV-16 or 32 round UV-32 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 3S-24 rocket on each hardpoint
Option 4UPK-23 or GUV gun pod on each hardpoint
Option 5FAB-250 bomb, KMGU dispenser or 4x FAB-100 bomb on each hardpoint
Option 6-
Option 7-
Option 8-

Hind-E

The Mi-24V Hind-E is a further evolution of the Mi-24D. It entered production in 1976 and is the most numerous version of the Hind. Its main improvement is its ability to fire the AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missile which is much more capable than the AT-2 Swatter used in previous versions.
Mi-24V Hind-E: The original Soviet version of the Hind-E.
Mi-24VP Hind-E: Mi-24V with twin 23mm cannon in nose turret, only 25 produced.
Mi-35 Hind-E:The export version of the Hind-D.

TypeAttack helicopter
Crew2 + 8 (pilot, gunner, 8 troops)
LenghtFuselage: 17.51 m
Rotors turning: 21.35 m
WidthWingspan: 6.5 m
Height6.5 m
WeightEmpty: 8.5 t
MTOW: 12.0 t
RotorsFive blade main rotor, three blade tail rotor
DiameterMain: 17.30 m
Tail: 3.91 m
Disc areaMain: 235 m2
Tail: 12 m2
Chord?
Powerplant2x Isotov TV3-117 turbine, 2.200 hp each
Speed335 km/h max
Range450 km range
Fuel1.840 L internal
500 L tanks on each hardpoint
Climb rate12.5 m/s
Ceiling4.5 km
Endurance?
Landing gearRetractable tricycle, double front wheels, two single rear wheels, 4.39 m wheelbase, 3.03 m track
ArmorProtected against 12.7mm all around, incl rotor blades, cockpit resistant to 37mm rounds
Cargo8 troops
4 stretchers
spare parts or additional ammunition
AvionicsStandard flight controls, electro optical sight, IFF system
Self defenseRadar warning receiver, IR jammer, flares, optional heat diffusers
Remarks-
Weapon systems12.7mm Yak-B minigun
AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missiles
57mm S-5 rockets
80mm S-8 rockets
122mm S-13 rockets
240mm S-24 rockets
GUV gun pod
UPK-23 gun pod
free fall bombs
Fixed weapons12.7mm Yak-B minigun in chin turret with 1.470 rounds
Hardpoints4 hardpoints, 2 wingtips
Option 1AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missile, 2 missiles on each wingtip or outer hardpoint
Option 2S-5 rockets in 16 round UV-16 or 32 round UV-32 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 3S-8 rockets in 20 round B-8V20 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 4S-13 rockets in 5 round B-13 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 5S-24 rocket on each hardpoint
Option 6UPK-23 or GUV gun pod on each hardpoint
Option 7FAB-250 bomb, KMGU dispenser or 4x FAB-100 bomb on each hardpoint
Option 8-

Hind-F

The Mi-24P is similar to the Mi-24V but differs in cannon armament. Whereas the Mi-24V is armed with a 12.7mm Yak-B minigun in a nose turret the Mi-24P has a twin barrel 30mm GSh-30K autocannon alongside the cockpit. The GSh-30K is much more powerful but not as simple to aim as the Yak-B. The P in the designation stands for Pushka, which is Russian for cannon.
Mi-24P Hind-F: The original Soviet army version of the Hind-F.
Mi-35P Hind-F: The export version of the Hind-F.

TypeAttack helicopter
Crew2 + 8 (pilot, gunner, 8 troops)
LenghtFuselage: 17.51 m
Rotors turning: 21.35 m
WidthFuselage: 1.70 m
Wingspan: 6.66 m
Height3.97 m
WeightEmpty: 8.20 t
Normal: 11.2 t
MTOW: 12.0 t
RotorsFive blade main rotor, three blade tail rotor
DiameterMain: 17.30 m
Tail: 3.91 m
Disc areaMain: 235 m2
Tail: 12.0 m2
ChordMain: 0.58 m
Powerplant2x Isotov TV3-117 turbine, 2.200 hp each
Speed335 km/h max
270 km/h cruise
217 km/h economical
Range160 km combat radius
288 km combat radius with 4 fuel tanks
500 km range
1.000 km range with four fuel tanks
Fuel1.840 L internal
500 L tanks on each hardpoint
Climb rate12.5 m/s
Ceiling4.5 km
Endurance4 hours
Landing gearRetractable tricycle, double front wheels, two single rear wheels, 4.39 m wheelbase, 3.03 m track
ArmorProtected against 12.7mm all around, incl rotor blades, cockpit resistant to 37mm rounds
Cargo8 troops
4 stretchers
spare parts or additional ammunition
AvionicsStandard flight controls, electro optical sight, IFF system
Self defenseRadar warning receiver, IR jammer, flares, optional heat diffusers
Remarks-
Weapon systems30mm GSh-30K autocannon
AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missiles
57mm S-5 rockets
80mm S-8 rockets
122mm S-13 rockets
240mm S-24 rockets
GUV gun pod
UPK-23 gun pod
free fall bombs
Fixed weapons30mm GSh-30K along fuselage with 750 rounds
Hardpoints4 hardpoints, 2 wingtips
Option 1AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missile, 2 missiles on each wingtip or outer hardpoint
Option 2S-5 rockets in 16 round UV-16 or 32 round UV-32 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 3S-8 rockets in 20 round B-8V20 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 4S-13 rockets in 5 round B-13 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 5S-24 rocket on each hardpoint
Option 6UPK-23 or GUV gun pod on each hardpoint
Option 7FAB-250 bomb, KMGU dispenser or 4x FAB-100 bomb on each hardpoint
Option 8-

Hind-G

The Hind-G models are reconnaissance models that retain most of their combat capability except for anti-tank missiles. They are fitted with additional sensors and their crew compartment is fitted with mission specific equipment.
Mi-24R Hind-G1: The Mi-24R, RkhR, RA and RR are NBC reconnaissance models with additional sensors. Total of about 120 models built between 1983 and 1989.
Mi-24K Hind-G2: The Mi-24K is an artillery observation version with additional sensors and a camera in the troop compartment. The K stands for korrektirovchik, which is Russian for corrector. About 120 built between 1983 and 1989.

TypeReconnaissance helicopter
Crew2 + 8 (pilot, gunner, 8 troops)
LenghtFuselage: 17.5 m
Rotors turning: 21.6 m
WidthWingspan: 6.5 m
Height6.5 m
WeightEmpty: 9 t
Normal 11 t
MTOW 12 t
RotorsFive blade main rotor, three blade tail rotor
DiameterMain: 17.3 m
Tail: 3.9 m
Disc areaMain: 235 m2
Tail: 12 m2
Chord?
Powerplant2x Isotov TV3-117 turbine, 2.200 hp each
Speed335 km/h max
Range450 km range
Fuel1.840 L internal
500 L tanks on each hardpoint
Climb rate12.5 m/s
Ceiling4.5 km
Endurance?
Landing gearRetractable tricycle, double front wheels, two single rear wheels, 4.39 m wheelbase, 3.03 m track
ArmorProtected against 12.7mm all around, incl rotor blades, cockpit resistant to 37mm rounds
Cargo?
AvionicsStandard flight controls, electro optical sight, IFF system
Self defenseRadar warning receiver, IR jammer, flares, optional heat diffusers
Remarks-
Weapon systems12.7mm Yak-B minigun
57mm S-5 rockets
240mm S-24 rockets
GUV gun pod
UPK-23 gun pod
free fall bombs
Fixed weapons12.7mm Yak-B minigun in chin turret with 1.470 rounds
Hardpoints4 hardpoints
Option 1S-5 rockets in 16 round UV-16 or 32 round UV-32 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 2S-24 rocket on each hardpoint
Option 3UPK-23 or GUV gun pod on each hardpoint
Option 4FAB-250 bomb, KMGU dispenser or 4x FAB-100 bomb on each hardpoint
Option 5-
Option 6-
Option 7-
Option 8-

Night attack versions

With the development of the Mi-28 many technologies were developed that could also be used to improve the Mi-24, especially its night fighting ability. The extensive Mi-24VM and PM upgrade programmes never materialized, but some less ambitious variants were developed. The night attack models can be identified by their use of the two hardpoint Mi-28 stub wings, Mi-28 rotors and additional sensors on the chin. The Mi-24PN in Russian service are converted from existing Mi-24P’s, while the export versions are produced new.
Mi-24PN: The Mi-24PN is a much improved Mi-24P. The PN upgrade adds a TV and FLIR camera to the nose, uses rotor blades and the stub wings of the Mi-28 and it has a fixed landing gear.
Mi-35M: Export version of Mi-24PN with different sensor setup, also known as Mi-35M1.
Mi-35M2: Mi-35M with GSh-23-2 cannon in chin mount. Known as the Caribe in Venezuelan use.

TypeAttack helicopter
Crew2 + 8 (pilot, gunner, 8 troops)
LenghtFuselage: 17.51 m
Rotors turning: 21.27 m
WidthFuselage: 1.70 m
Wingspan: 5.06 m
Height3.97 m
WeightEmpty: 8.05 t
Normal: 11.2 t
MTOW: 12.0 t
RotorsFive blade main rotor, four blade tail rotor
DiameterMain: 17.20 m
Tail: 3.84 m
Disc areaMain: 232 m2
Tail: 11.6 m2
Chord?
Powerplant2x Isotov TV3-117 turbine, 2.200 hp each
Speed312 km/h max
260 km/h cruise
Range416 km range
1.085 km range with four fuel tanks
Fuel1.840 L internal
500 L tanks on each hardpoint
Climb rate12.4 m/s
Ceiling5.8 km
Endurance?
Landing gearFixed tricycle, double front wheels, two single rear wheels, 4.4 m wheelbase, 3.0 m track
ArmorProtected against 12.7mm all around, incl rotor blades, cockpit resistant to 37mm rounds
Cargo8 troops
4 stretchers
spare parts or additional ammunition
AvionicsStandard flight controls, electro optical sight, IFF system, FLIR system
Self defenseRadar warning receiver, IR jammer, flares, optional heat diffusers
Remarks-
Weapon systems12.7mm Yak-B minigun
AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missiles
AT-9 Spiral-2 anti-tank missiles
57mm S-5 rockets
80mm S-8 rockets
122mm S-13 rockets
240mm S-24 rockets
GUV gun pod
UPK-23 gun pod
free fall bombs
Fixed weapons12.7mm Yak-B minigun in chin turret with 1.470 rounds
Hardpoints4 hardpoints
Option 1AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missile, 8 missiles on each outer hardpoint
Option 2AT-9 Spiral-2 anti-tank missile, 8 missiles on each outer hardpoint
Option 3S-5 rockets in 16 round UV-16 or 32 round UV-32 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 4S-8 rockets in 20 round B-8V20 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 5S-13 rockets in 5 round B-13 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 6S-24 rocket on each hardpoint
Option 7UPK-23 or GUV gun pod on each hardpoint
Option 8FAB-250 bomb, KMGU dispenser or 4x FAB-100 bomb on each hardpoint
TypeAttack helicopter
Crew2 + 8 (pilot, gunner, 8 troops)
LenghtFuselage: 17.51 m
Rotors turning: 21.27 m
WidthFuselage: 1.70 m
Wingspan: 5.06 m
Height3.97 m
WeightEmpty: 8 t
Normal: 11 t
MTOW: 12 t
RotorsFive blade main rotor, four blade tail rotor
DiameterMain: 17.20 m
Tail: 3.84 m
Disc areaMain: 232 m2
Tail: 11.6 m2
Chord?
Powerplant2x Isotov TV3-117 turbine, 2.200 hp each
Speed312 km/h max
260 km/h cruise
Range416 km range
1.085 km range with four fuel tanks
Fuel1.840 L internal
500 L tanks on each hardpoint
Climb rate12.4 m/s
Ceiling5.8 km
Endurance?
Landing gearFixed tricycle, double front wheels, two single rear wheels, 4.4 m wheelbase, 3.0 m track
ArmorProtected against 12.7mm all around, incl rotor blades, cockpit resistant to 37mm rounds
Cargo8 troops
4 stretchers
spare parts or additional ammunition
AvionicsStandard flight controls, electro optical sight, IFF system, FLIR system
Self defenseRadar warning receiver, IR jammer, flares, optional heat diffusers
Remarks-
Weapon systems23mm GSh-23-2 autocannon
AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missiles
AT-9 Spiral-2 anti-tank missiles
57mm S-5 rockets
80mm S-8 rockets
122mm S-13 rockets
240mm S-24 rockets
GUV gun pod
UPK-23 gun pod
free fall bombs
Fixed weapons23mm GSh-23-2 autocannon in chin turret with 470 rounds
Hardpoints4 hardpoints
Option 1AT-6 Spiral anti-tank missile, 8 missiles on each outer hardpoint
Option 2AT-9 Spiral-2 anti-tank missile, 8 missiles on each outer hardpoint
Option 3S-5 rockets in 16 round UV-16 or 32 round UV-32 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 4S-8 rockets in 20 round B-8V20 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 5S-13 rockets in 5 round B-13 rocket pod on each hardpoint
Option 6S-24 rocket on each hardpoint
Option 7UPK-23 or GUV gun pod on each hardpoint
Option 8FAB-250 bomb, KMGU dispenser or 4x FAB-100 bomb on each hardpoint

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