Aircraft / Transport aircraft / De Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo

De Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Transport aircraft

  • ORIGIN
    Canada

  • NICKNAMES
    CC-115 (Canadian service)
    AC-2 / CV-7A / C-8A (US service)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1960's

  • DESIGNER
    De Havilland Canada

  • PRODUCTION
    1964 - 1972 (DHC-5A)
    1974 - 1986 (DHC-5D)

  • PRODUCERS
    Canada - De Havilland Canada

  • QUANTITY
    123

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Phenomenal STOL capability
    Rugged and reliable
    Good cargo capacity
    Limited speed
    Limited range at maximum payload

Introduction

The DHC-5 Buffalo is a transport aircraft of Canadian origin. It was developed in the early 1960's as a follow on to the widely sold DHC-4 Caribou. It was designed to US specifications, but the US requirement was dropped when development was complete. The DHC-5 was produced for military use, although a small number ended up in civilian use.

Layout

The DHC-5 is a larger version of the DHC-4 Caribou. Whereas the DHC-4 had piston engines the DHC-5 uses turboprops. The layout remains the same with a single high lift shoulder mounted wing, two propeller engines, a double wheel tricycle landing gear and rear loading ramp.

Cargo

The DHC-5 has a maximum payload capacity of 6.3 t and the cabin has been designed to carry a single Pershing missile, a M151 truck, a 105mm howitzer or 41 combat troops.

Mobility

The DHC-5 has a phenomenal STOL capability and requires as little as 300 meters of runway for take-off. The maximum speed at altitude is 435 km/h and the economic speed is 335 km/h. With limited cargo the range its range of 3.500 km is good, but at maximum payload this is reduced to only 815 km.

Users

The anticipated major US order never materialized but the DHC-5 was quite successful nonetheless. Over 15 nations acquired the DHC-5 and many remain in service today. Most users are located in Africa and North and South America.

Variants

DHC-5 Buffalo

DHC-5: Original version developed for the US Army.
DHC-5A: Slightly altered DHC-5 for Canadian use and export.
DHC-5D: New production run with more powerful engines and increased performance.

TypeTransport aircraft
Crew3 + 41 (pilot, copilot, crew chief, 41 passengers)
Length24.08 m
Width29.26 m wingspan, 9.75 m tailplane
Height8.73 m
Surface87.8 m2
Weight10.5 t empty, 18.6 t MTOW
Powerplant2x General Electric CT64-820-1 turboprop, 3.055 hp each
Speed435 km/h maximum at 3 km, 335 km/h economic at 3 km
Range3.500 km with max fuel and 1.8 t payload, 815 km with max payload
Fuel7.900 L
Climb rate9.6 m/s at sea level
Ceiling?
Landing gearRetractable tricycle, all double wheels, 9.29m track, 8.50 m wheelbase
Cargo6.3 t maximum, 41 passengers, 24 stretchers
Systems-
Remarks317 m take-off run
Weapon systems-
Fixed weapons-
Hardpoints-
Option 1-
Option 2-
Option 3-
Option 4-
Option 5-
Option 6-
Option 7-
Option 8-
TypeTransport aircraft
Crew3 + 41 (pilot, copilot, crew chief, 41 passengers)
Length24.08 m
Width29.26 m wingspan, 9.75 m tailplane
Height8.73 m
Surface87.8 m2
Weight11.4 t empty, 22.3 t MTOW
Powerplant2x General Electric CT64-820-4 turboprop, 3.133 hp each
Speed467 km/h maximum at 3 km, 124 km/h stall speed
Range1.112 km at 3 km and max payload
Fuel7.900 L
Climb rate11.8 m/s
Ceiling9.5 km
Landing gearRetractable tricycle, all double wheels, 9.29m track, 8.50 m wheelbase
Cargo6 to 7 t maximum, 41 passengers, 24 stretchers
Systems-
Remarks300 m take-off run
Weapon systems-
Fixed weapons-
Hardpoints-
Option 1-
Option 2-
Option 3-
Option 4-
Option 5-
Option 6-
Option 7-
Option 8-

Media

Copyright © 2002 - 2014 Weaponsystems.net