Ships / Patrol boats / Project 206M (Turya) class

Project 206M (Turya) class

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Motor torpedo boat

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Project 206M Shtorm (official name)
    Turya class (NATO reporting name)

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1960's

  • DESIGNER
    Unknown

  • PRODUCTION
    1969 - 1976 (Project 206M)
    1977 - 1985 (Project 206ME)

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR - Almaz shipyard in Leningrad (3 units)
    USSR - Sredne-Nevskiy shipyard in Pontonny (4 units)
    USSR - Vladivostok shipyard in Vladivostok (30 units)
    USSR - Vympel shipyard in Rybinsk (3 units)

  • QUANTITY
    A total of 40 ships built, production complete.

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good speed and maneuverability
    Ability to use multipurpose torpedoes
    Good seagoing capabilities
    Improved air defense over Shershen class
    Limited effectiveness against modern surface combattants
    Limited self-defense capabilities
    Less effective than helicopters in ASW role

Introduction

The Project 206M Shtorm is a late Cold War era large torpedo boat of Soviet origin. It was one of the last torpedo boats designed. In the West the Project 206M is known by NATO reproting name Turya class.

Layout

The Project 206M is a further development of the Project 206 (Shershen) class. The Project 206M improves on maneuverability by adding a hydrofoil, firepower is increased by adding a radar operated 57mm gun turret and its size improves its seagoing capability. The large gun turret is located at the rear in order to keep the bow as light as possible. Two torpedo tubes are fitted on either side of the superstructure.

Firepower

The primary armament consists of four 533mm torpedo tubes without reloads. The four torpedoes that are carried are either a combination of two 53-56V or VA and two 53-65K, or four USET-80 multipurpose wire guided torpedoes. Air and surface targets can be engaged by the manually operated 25mm 2M-3M gun turret on the bow or the 57mm AK-725 dual purpose gun on the stern. Additionally 10 depth charges are carried.

Sensors

The Project 206M features a limited sensor suite that consists of the MG-329 Sheksna sonar, MR-103 Bars fire control radar for the 57mm gun and a surfrace search and navigation radar.

Mobility

As required by its role the Project 206M emphisizes on speed. The three diesel engines provide up to 15.000 hp. This is enough to reach a speed of 44 kt. At 37 kt the range 600 nm, while at lower speeds increases significantly. The Project 206M is meant for green water operations, but has adequate sea going capacities and a 5 day endurance.

Users

The first 24 units that were produced were adopted by the USSR, the following 16 were exported to nations with close ties to the USSR. When the USSR dissolved in 1991 the remaining ships were inherited by Russia.

Variants

Project 206M Shtorm

Project 206M Shtorm: Original production model for use by the Soviet navy. Can easily be distinguished from the earlier Project 206 (Shershen) class by its increased size, presence of hydrofoils and large 57mm AK-725 gun turret at the stern.
Project 206ME Shtorm: Export model of the Project 206M large torpedo boat. It is completely similar to the original Project 206M but lacks the sonar system, reducing the effectiveness against submarines significantly.

TypeTorpedo boat
Crew25, incl 4 officers
Size39.6 m long
7.6 m wide
1.6 m draft
Displacement218 t standard
250 t full load
Propulsion3 shafts with fixed pitch propellors
3x M-503B2 or M-504B diesel, 5.000 hp each
Mobility44 kt max speed
1.450 nm range at 14 kt
600 nm range at 37 kt
SensorsMG-329 Sheksna sonar
MR-102 Baklan radar
MR-103 Bars fire control radar for AK-725
MR-206 navigation radar
SystemsDozor-1 combat information system
Guns1x2 57mm AK-725 with 600 rounds
1x2 2M-3M with 1.200 rounds
SSM-
SAM-
ASW4x1 OTA-53-206M torpedo tubes
Combination of 2x 53-65V / 53-56VA and 2x 53-65K torpedo, or 4x USET-80 torpedo
10 depth charges
Remarks5 day autonomy
2x 200 kW diesel generator

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