Ships / Patrol boats / Shantou class

Shantou class

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Motor gun boat

  • ORIGIN
    China

  • NICKNAMES
    Type 55A Shantou (official Chinese name)
    Swatow class (NATO reporting name)

  • DESIGNED
    Mid 1950's

  • DESIGNER
    Shanghai shipyard

  • PRODUCTION
    1955 - 1960

  • PRODUCERS
    China

  • QUANTITY
    At least 42

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Powerful armament
    Steel hull more resistant to damage
    Limited speed and mobility

Introduction

The Shantou class is a motor gun boat of Chinese origin. It was developed in the mid 1950's as a variant of the P-6 motor torpedo boat of Soviet origin. In the West the Shantou class is better known by its Swatow class NATO reporting name. The Shantou was replaced in production with the Shanghai class that was produced in much larger numbers.

Layout

The Shantou has the same hull as the Soviet P-6 motor torpedo boat that was also produced in China. The hull is made out of steel instead of wood and thus increasing both the level of protection and overall weight. To keep the weight down two of the four large engines in the P-6 have been replaced by two smaller ones with reduced top speed as a result. Two large turrets are fitted on the front and aft deck.

Firepower

The main armament consists of two powerful twin gun 37mm L/63 V-11M turrets. The guns are manually loaded, aimed and fired and can be used against surface targets and aircraft. Some vessels feature a 12.7mm Type 54 heavy machine gun on each side of the cabin. Others have two 75mm Type 52 recoilless rifles at the bow. Depth charge racks are present on all versions.

Mobility

The Shantou has a much reduced mobility than the P-6 class. The steel hull increases the weight and the engine setup consists of two 1.200 hp diesels and two smaller 300 hp diesels. The loss of 40 percent of the original power results in maximum speed of 28 knots whereas the P-6 may reach 43 knots. When travelling at 28 knots the operational range is 500 nm.

Users

The main user of the Shantou class was China. The class was soon superseded by the local Shanghai class but remained in limited use until the 1980's. From the 1980's onwards many ships were deleted or transferred to the police with the last being in use in 1993. The Shantou class was exported to various Chinese allies.

Variants

Shantou class

The Type 55A Shantou class is a motor gun boat based on the hull of the USSR P-6 class motor torpedo boat. The well known NATO reporting name is Swatow class. The Shantou class can be idenfitied by its larger 37mm gun turrets and lack of torpedo tubes.

TypeMotor gun boat
Crew17
Displacement80 t full load
Length25.5 m
Width5.8 m
Draught2 m
Height?
MachineryTotal of 3.000 hp:
2x Kolomna M50F-4 diesel, 1.200 hp each
2x Type 3D12 diesel, 300 hp each
Propulsion4 shafts
Speed28 kt max
Range500 nm at 28 kt, 750 nm at 15 kt
SensorsSurface search: Skin Head
Navigation: Don
Systems-
Countermeasures-
Aircraft-
Cargo-
Remarks-
Weapons2x Twin 37mm V-11M autocannon
2x 12.7mm DShK machine gun (in some)
2x 75mm Type 52 recoilless rifle (in some)
8x Depth charge rack
Weapon12x Twin 37mm L/63 V-11M autocannon front and aft, manually aimed and fired
Weapon22x 12.7mm DShK heavy machine gun, one mounted on each side of cabin on some ships
Weapon32x 75mm Type 52 recoilless rifle, twin mount on front deck in some ships
Weapon48x Depth charge rack at the rear of the ship
Weapon5-
Weapon6-
Weapon7-
Weapon8-

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