Grozny class (first of class)
Project 58 class (Soviet designation)
1956 - 1960
1960 - 1965
USSR - Zhdanov yard (Leningrad)
A total of 4 produced
- UNIT COST
Carries many anti-ship missiles
Top heavy design
The Kynda is a Cold War era class of Soviet cruisers. They were developed for use in the anti-ship role. The name Kynda is the NATO reporting name, in the USSR they were known as Project 58. The design proved not very effective, being top heavy. It was soon supplemented by the Kresta I class.
The Kynda is a classic Cold War era Soviet rocket cruiser with the odd feature of having a large trainable four round launcher forward and aft. A large sensor mast is fitted in front of each funnel. The twin arm SAM launcher is mounted forward and the two gun turrets at the rear. A helicopter deck allows a Ka-25 helicopter to be carried.
The main armament consist of two trainable four round launchers for the SS-N-3 surface to surface missile, with a total of 16 missiles carried. Additionally two twin 76mm AK-726 dual purpose turrets are fitted. Air defense is provided by a single twin round SA-N-1 Goa launcher with 16 missiles and two twin 30mm AK-230. Anti-submarine weapons include two tripple 533mm torpedo launchers and two RBU-6000 ASW rocket launchers.
Sensor systems include a MR-302 surface search radar, MR-500 air search radar and GAS-372 hull mounted sonar. Additionally ECM equipment, navigation radar and fire control radars are fitted.
The Kynda class is steam powered and features four boilers and two turbines that power two shafts. The 100.000 hp provides a maximum speed of 35 kt and maximum range of 7.000 nm at 15 kt.
The Kynda class was only used by the USSR. It was supplemented by the Kresta I class which features a near similar armament but has better sea going capability and sensor systems.