Naval gun turret
ZIF-94 (manufacturers designation)
1967 - 1980
Arsenal machine building plant
1982 - present?
USSR - Arsenal machine building plant
About 45 produced
- UNIT COST
Fires large and powerful shells
High rate of fire
Large and heavy turret
The AK-130 is a naval gun turret of Soviet origin. It was developed in the 1970's as a more capable gun turret than the earlier SM-2 as armament for destroyers and cruisers. The AK-130 is the most powerful naval gun turret that remains in service. The AK-130 is one of the few modern two barrel gun turrets. Its single barrel performance is similar to the US 127mm Mk 45 and Italian 127mm Compatto.
The AK-130 is a massive twin gun turret. It was developed as a single gun design at first but two guns were required to meet the desired rate of fire. The 130mm guns have been derived from the 130mm M-46 towed artillery piece. The water cooled guns are mounted side by side in a massive unmanned turret with an automatic loader. The ammunition is stored below deck. The MR-184 fire control radar and optronic guidance package can control up to two AK-130 turrets.
The AK-130 fires 130mm shells that have been derived from the towed 130mm M-46 howitzer. The maximum range is 23 km against surface targets and 15 km versus aircraft. The rate of fire is 10 to 35 rpm per barrel, which results in a maximum of 70 rpm per gun mount. A total of 150 to 180 rounds are stored in the magazine below deck. A Sovremenny class destroyers carries a total of 500 rounds in the loading system and stored in other locations.
The main user of the AK-130 was the USSR navy and currently is the Russian navy. The AK-130 is used on the Sovremenny and Udaloy II class destroyers and the Slava and Kirov class cruisers. The sole export user is China which uses the AK-130 on their Sovremenny class destroyers. A single gun mount called AK-192 has been developed but has not been produced yet.
The AK-130 is a twin 130mm gun naval mount. It is one of the largest and heaviest modern naval guns. Only a single variant was ever produced. A single gun AK-192 mount has been developed but has not been placed in production. The AK-130 is only used in conjuction with the MR-184 fire control radar.
|Type||Naval gun turret|
|Armament||130mm 54-caliber, 850 m/s, 1.500 to 2.000 round barrel life|
|Rate of fire||10 to 35 rpm per barrel|
|Ammunition||150 to 180 rounds in feed system|
|Range||23 km vs surface targets, 15 km vs aircraft, 8 km vs missiles|
|Traverse||-200 to +200°, 25°/s|
|Elevation||-12 to +80°, 25°/s|
|Weight||94 t gun mount, 8 t control systems|
|Crew||6 to 10|
|Fire control||MR-184 fire control radar and TV guidance|