Air defense / Self-propelled anti-aircraft guns / AMX-30 DCA

AMX-30 DCA

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun

  • ORIGIN
    France

  • NICKNAMES
    DCA / Défense Contre Avions, defense against aircraft

  • DESIGNED
    1969 - early 1970's

  • DESIGNER
    Thomson-CSF, AMX, Hispano-Suiza

  • PRODUCTION
    1975 - ?

  • PRODUCERS
    France

  • QUANTITY
    A total of 53 vehicles produced.

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Powerful armament with good range
    Radar guidance for all weather engagement
    Effective against ground targets
    Expensive to produce
    Shorter effective range than modern anti-tank missiles

Introduction

The AMX-30 DCA is a late Cold War era self-propelled anti-aircraft gun of French origin. It was developed as a private venture from the AMX-13 DCA, a similar system produced for the French army. The name DCA stands for Défense Contre Avions which translates to defense against aircraft.

Layout

The AMX-30 DCA is rather similar to the AMX-13 DCA that was developed a few years earlier. The AMX-30 chassis is larger and provides a better platform for the large two man turret. Two Hispano-Suiza 30mm autocannon are mounted side by side at the front of the turret and a search and tracking radar is mounted at the rear of the turret. The engine and drivetrain are located at the rear and the driver is seated in the hull front.

Firepower

The armament of the AMX-30 DCA consists of two powerful 30mm HS-831A autocannon. Fire modes are semi-automatic or bursts of 5 to 15 rounds. The cyclic rate of fire is 650 rpm per barrel and a total of 1.200 rounds are carried. The maximum effective range is 3 km with a slant range of 5 km. These autocannon are also effective against light armored vehicles and infantry in the open.

Fire control

The AMX-30 DCA is fitted with the Oeil Noir 1 doppler seach and tracking radar. This radar is connected to an analogue computer. Aircraft and helicopters can be detected out to 12 km and at altitudes of up to 3 km. Alternatively manual fire control can be used to engage aerial and ground targets.

Protection

The AMX-30 DCA is operated from under full armor protection. The steel hull and turret provide protection against small arms fire and shell splinters. Four smoke grenade dischargers are fitted on the turret rear.

Mobility

The only customer for the AMX-30 DCA was Saudi Arabia, which acquired a wide range of vehicles based on the AMX-30 main battle tank design. The AMX-30 DCA is used in conjunction with the Shahine. The Shahine a low level self-propelled SAM system based on the French Crotale SAM system and the AMX-30 chassis.

Users

Variants

AMX-30 DCA

AMX-30 DCA: The AMX-30 DCA is a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun based on the chassis of the AMX-30 main battle tank. In particular the AMX-30SA chassis with modifications for use in desert climate was used, since the only production vehicles were destined for Saudi Arabia. The large round turret in conjunction with the AMX-30 chassis make the AMX-30 DCA easy to identify. There are no variants, except for its predecessor. The AMX-13 DCA has its own entry.

TypeSelf-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length
Width
Height
Ground clearance
Weight
Ground pressure
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear
Turn radius?
Engine
Power ratio
Transmission
Speed
Fuel
Range
Wall
Trench
Gradient
Fording
ArmorSteel
NBC equipment?
Night vision?
Smoke2x2 smoke grenade dischargers
RemarksOeil Noir 1 radar on turret
Armament2x 30mm HS-831L autocannon
Weapon12x 30mm HS-831L autocannon on turret
600 rounds ready to fire, 1.200 rounds in total
-5 to +85° elevation, 45°/s powered
360° traverse, 80°/s powered
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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