Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
DCA / Défense Contre Avions, defense against aircraft
1969 - early 1970's
Thomson-CSF, AMX, Hispano-Suiza
1975 - ?
A total of 53 vehicles produced.
- UNIT COST
Powerful armament with good range
Radar guidance for all weather engagement
Effective against ground targets
Expensive to produce
Shorter effective range than modern anti-tank missiles
The AMX-30 DCA is a late Cold War era self-propelled anti-aircraft gun of French origin. It was developed as a private venture from the AMX-13 DCA, a similar system produced for the French army. The name DCA stands for Défense Contre Avions which translates to defense against aircraft.
The AMX-30 DCA is rather similar to the AMX-13 DCA that was developed a few years earlier. The AMX-30 chassis is larger and provides a better platform for the large two man turret. Two Hispano-Suiza 30mm autocannon are mounted side by side at the front of the turret and a search and tracking radar is mounted at the rear of the turret. The engine and drivetrain are located at the rear and the driver is seated in the hull front.
The armament of the AMX-30 DCA consists of two powerful 30mm HS-831A autocannon. Fire modes are semi-automatic or bursts of 5 to 15 rounds. The cyclic rate of fire is 650 rpm per barrel and a total of 1.200 rounds are carried. The maximum effective range is 3 km with a slant range of 5 km. These autocannon are also effective against light armored vehicles and infantry in the open.
The AMX-30 DCA is fitted with the Oeil Noir 1 doppler seach and tracking radar. This radar is connected to an analogue computer. Aircraft and helicopters can be detected out to 12 km and at altitudes of up to 3 km. Alternatively manual fire control can be used to engage aerial and ground targets.
The AMX-30 DCA is operated from under full armor protection. The steel hull and turret provide protection against small arms fire and shell splinters. Four smoke grenade dischargers are fitted on the turret rear.
The only customer for the AMX-30 DCA was Saudi Arabia, which acquired a wide range of vehicles based on the AMX-30 main battle tank design. The AMX-30 DCA is used in conjunction with the Shahine. The Shahine a low level self-propelled SAM system based on the French Crotale SAM system and the AMX-30 chassis.
AMX-30 DCA: The AMX-30 DCA is a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun based on the chassis of the AMX-30 main battle tank. In particular the AMX-30SA chassis with modifications for use in desert climate was used, since the only production vehicles were destined for Saudi Arabia. The large round turret in conjunction with the AMX-30 chassis make the AMX-30 DCA easy to identify. There are no variants, except for its predecessor. The AMX-13 DCA has its own entry.
- AMX-30 DCA
|Type||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun|
|Crew||3 (commander, driver, gunner)|
|Wheelbase||Tracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear|
|Smoke||2x2 smoke grenade dischargers|
|Remarks||Oeil Noir 1 radar on turret|
|Armament||2x 30mm HS-831L autocannon|
|Weapon1||2x 30mm HS-831L autocannon on turret|
600 rounds ready to fire, 1.200 rounds in total
-5 to +85° elevation, 45°/s powered
360° traverse, 80°/s powered