Cookie Consent by Privacy Policies Generator

Type-022 class


NATO: Houbei class


Overview


Type 022 (Houbei) class

Top view of Type 022 (Houbei) class moving at high speed.

Source: www.chinesemilitaryreview.blogspot.com - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
China
Type
Missile boat
Entered service
2004
Status
In service
Production
2004 - present?
Producer
China - Hudong-Zhonghua Shipyard, located in Shanghai
Number produced
At least 80 produced, production complete?
Designations
Houbei class (NATO reporting name)

Description


Introduction

The Type 022 is a modern missile boat of Chinese origin. It is also known in the West as the Houbei class. These ships have a very distinctive stealth design and feature a colorful disruptive camouflage pattern. The Type 022 was developed to replace the myriad of older and obsolete patrol craft. They also provide near shore protection and free up frigates and other vessels for duties further away from shore.

Layout

The Type 022 has a very distinctive design. It is a catamaran with a wave-piercing bow. This design is believed to provide a stable launch platform and is better suited to handle difficult sea conditions. The multi-facetted "stealth" superstructure should result in a reduce radar signature. The rear superstructure houses the launchers for the anti-ship missiles. Since the Type 022 is a small vessel with a limited amount of weapons, sensors and mechanical systems it requires a crew of only 12 people.

Firepower

The predominant role of the Type 022 is to saturate enemy fleet defenses with anti-ship missiles. The main armament consists of eight launchers for YJ-83 subsonic anti-ship missiles. For self-defense and patrol duties a 30mm H/PJ-13 gatling type autocannon is fitted on the bow. This can be used to engage surface targets and nearby helicopters. Unlike a true CIWS it cannot be used against incomming missiles and fast moving aircraft. Presumably man portable SAM systems are carried as well.

Sensors

The Type 022 has a basic sensor suite. The H/LJQ-362 surface search radar and H/ZFJ-1A fire-control system provide firing solutions for the anti-ship missiles. As a standalone weapon system the Type 022 cannot use the full range potential of its anti-ship missiles. For longer range target acquisition the Type 022 relies on external sensor information. This can be provided via datalink by certain types of aircraft and surface vessels with more capable sensors. The 30mm autocannon on the bow is aimed using an H/ZGJ-1B optronic sensor and tracking system.

Mobility

The propulsion systems consists of two diesel engines that power four waterjet propulsors. The maximum speed is said to be around 36 or 38 knots. In heavy seas the unique hull design should result in better performance than traditional hull designs.

Users

The Type 022 class is used by China. At least 80 of these ships have been delivered, spread over three fleets. The number in active service may have been reduced to about 60 ships. Unlike the older types of ships it replaces the Type 022 is less suited as a patrol craft. Reportedly an export version of the Type 022 is being marketed, with several nations showing interest. The export version may be modified ex-PLAN vessels instead of new built ones.

Media


Details


Facts Type 022 class
General
Origin
China
Type
Missile boat
Crew
12
Dimensions
Displacement
224 t full load
Length
42.6 m
Beam
12.2 m
Draft
1.5
Mobility
Engines
2x diesel engine, 6.895 hp each
Propulsion
4x waterjet
Max speed
36 kt
Sensors
Radar
H/LJQ-362 surface search radar
Navigation radar
Fire control system
H/ZFJ-1A with datalink
Electro-optical
H/ZGJ-1B optronic sensor
Armament
Missiles
8x YJ-83 surface to surface missile
Guns
1x 30mm H/PJ-13 gatling type autocannon

Subsystems


YJ-83

The YJ-83 subsonic anti-ship missile is the main armament of the Type-022 missile boat.

30mm H/PJ13

A single 30mm H/PJ13 close-in weapon system is located on the bow.