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152mm D-1


China: Type 54


Overview


D-1

A Soviet D-1 towed howitzer at a St. Petersburg museum.
Source: Saiga20k - © GNU Attribution - Share Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Towed howitzer
Entered service
1943
Status
Obsolete
Development
1941 - 1942
Developer
Soviet Union - F.F. Petrov design bureau
Production
1943 - 1949 (USSR)
Producer
Soviet Union - No. 9 Uralmash
China
Number produced
2.827 D-1 produced in the USSR
Designations
152-mm gaubitsa obr. 1943 g. (official designation)
M1943 (NATO reporting name)
Type 54 (Chinese production model)
Notable users
Soviet Union
China

Description


Introduction

The D-1 is a World War 2 era towed howitzer of Soviet origin. It was developed as a lighter and more mobile alternative to the ML-20 and as a follow on to the M-11. Production continued for several years after World War 2. It was produced under license in China as the Type 54.

Design

The D-1 can be considered a mix between the M-30 and M-11. The two wheel split trail carriage used with the M-30 is mated with the 152mm ordnance used in the M-11. This makes the D-1 much lighter than contemporary weapons with similar caliber, albeit with a somewhat lower performance. A shield gives the crew of 8 some protection from small arms fire over the frontal arc.

Firepower

The D-1 fires powerful 152mm shells from its short 27-caliber ordnance with double baffle muzzle brake. The maximum rate of fire is 3 to 4 rounds per minute. The maximum range is 12.4 km

Mobility

The limited weight makes that the D-1 can be towed by truck rather than by artillery tractor. Despite its limited weight it is still too heavy to be manhandled.

Users

The D-1 was used by Soviet forces during World War 2. It remained in Soviet and East Bloc service for several decades. It was exported to various nations with ties to the USSR and it was used during various Middle Eastern conflicts. Nowadays several dozen remain in limited reserve use in various parts of the world.

Variants

D-1
Soviet production model.
Type 54
Chinese production model.

Details


Facts D-1
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Towed howitzer
Crew
8
Dimensions
Weight
3.6 t
Length
6.7 m in travel configuration
Width
1.8 m in travel configuration
Height
1.9 m in travel configuration
Ordnance
Type
152mm L/27.6 howitzer
Barrel length
4.207 mm
Muzzle brake
Yes, double baffle
Muzzle velocity
508 m/s with 53-OF-530
Elevation
-3° to +64°
Traverse
17° left and right
Firepower
Rate of fire
3 - 4 rpm
Range
12.4 km with 53-OF-530
Carriage
Type
2 wheel split trail carriage
Limber
Gun shield
Yes
Tire size
Tread
Ground clearance
0.37 m
Mobility
Towing vehicle
6x6 truck
Towed speed
40 km/h on asphalt road
30 km/h on road
10 km/h in the field
Autonomous mobility
Too heavy to be manhandled
APU
No

Media


Related articles


152mm D-20

In Soviet service the D-1 was supplemented and replaced by the newer D-20.

122mm M-30

The D-1 uses the same carriage as the 122mm M-30. Both howitzers were produced at the same Soviet factory.