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160mm M160



Overview


160mm M160

Soviet 160mm M160 heavy mortar on display in a museum. Note the extensive carriage that doubles as a bipod in the firing position.
Source: Vladimir Sappinen - © GNU Attribution Share Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Heavy mortar
Entered service
1949
Status
Limited service
Development
1945 - 1947
Developer
Soviet Union - KBM Kolomna
Production
1949 - 1957
Producer
Soviet Union - No. 535 plant (1949 - 1952)
Soviet Union - Motovilikha (1952 - 1957)
Number produced
2.353
Designations
52-M-853 (GRAU index)
Notable users
Soviet Union
Syria
India

Description


Introduction

The M160 is an early Cold War era heavy mortar of Soviet origin. It was developed just after World War 2 as a more capable successor to the World War 2 era 160-PM-43. The M160 was a more capable design and produced in much larger numbers than its predecessor.

Design

The M160 is a further development of the 160-PM-43 with the main goal of improving the range. This is achieved by a longer barrel firing the 160mm mortar shells at nearly twice the velocity of its predecessor. To cope with the increased recoil the base plate is larger and the recoil mechanism is substantially improved.

Firepower

The 160mm mortar shells weight over 41 kg and are very destructive. High explosive and high explosive fragmentation are the most common ammunition types. The maximum range is 8.040 meters, with the minimum range being 750 meters. The rate of fire is 2 or 3 rounds per minute.

Mobility

The M160 is towed behind a towing vehicle using a lug attached to the muzzle. The towing vehicle is either a large 6x6 truck or a tracked prime mover. The M160 is too heavy to be moved by infantry in the field.

Users

Over 2.300 of these heavy mortars were produced. The majority saw service in the Soviet army. Various states with good ties to the USSR received the M160. The main export user seems to be India with about 500 acquired. Both Egypt and Syria used the M160 in various conflicts. The M160 remain in limited use today.

Details


Facts 160mm M160
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Heavy mortar
Crew
6 - 8
Dimensions
Weight
1.470 kg
Length
4.86 m (travelling)
Width
2.3 m (travelling)
Height
1.5 m (travelling)
Ordnance
Type
160mm smoothbore mortar
Barrel length
4.55 m
Muzzle velocity
343 m/s at maximum charge
157 m/s at minimum charge
Elevation
+50 to +80°
Traverse
-12 to +12°
Fire control
Sights
Indirect fire sight
Firepower
Rate of fire
3 rpm
Range
8.040 m maximum
750 m minimum
Carriage
Type
Two wheel fixed carriage that doubles as bipod in the firing position
Tread
1.75 m
Ground clearance
0.36 m
Mobility
Towing vehicle
6x6 truck or prime mover
Towed speed
Up to 50 km/h
Autonomous mobility
Too heavy for manhandling in the field

Media


Related articles


160mm PM-43

The M160 is the more capable successor of the World War 2 era PM-43.