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82mm vz. 59



Overview


82mm Vz. 59

Former Czechoslovak military Vz. 59 recoilless rifle towed behind a utility vehicle in 2011. Note the KH 59 spotting rifle.
Source: MART.in - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Czechoslovakia
Type
Recoilless rifle
Entered service
1959
Status
Obsolete
Development
1950's
Developer
Czechoslovakia
Production
Late 1950's - 1960's?
Producer
Czechoslovakia
Number produced
Produced in quantity
Designations
M59
Vz 59
Notable users
Czechoslovakia

Description


Introduction

The vz. 59 is an early Cold War era recoilless rifle of Czechoslovak origin. It is a dual role weapon. As a direct fire weapon it is intended to be used against tanks and armored vehicles. As an indirect fire weapon it serves as a light artillery piece.

Design

The vz. 59 is a smoothbore breech loaded recoilless rifle. It is mounted on a large and sturdy two wheel chassis. On the left side of the barrel a 12.7mm ZH 59 spotting rifle is fitted, a unique feature for a Warsaw Pact recoilless rifle. The barrel is quite long, resulting in a rather high muzzle velocity for a 1950's recoilless rifle. There is a 50 m danger zone behind the weapon.

Variants

M59
Original production model.
M59A
Improved production model with cooling fins on the chamber.

Firepower

The long barrel, high muzzle velocity and spotting rifle result in quite a good accuracy. The large two wheel carriage makes the Vz. 59 a heavy weapon, but also provides a stable firing platform. The 82mm caliber results in a mediocre armor penetration of 250 mm RHA.

Mobility

The large two wheel carriage allows the Vz. 59 to be towed at high speed on roads and in the field. The handle bars near the muzzle make it easier to drag the heavy Vz. 59 along in the field. The Vz.59 was also seen mounted on the rear platform of the OT-62 tracked armored personnel carrier.

Users

The Vz. 59 was adopted in quantity by Czechoslovakia and exported to several nations. Nowadays it is obsolete and no longer in active service.

Details


Facts Vz. 59
General
Origin
Czechoslovakia
Type
Recoilless rifle
Crew
3
Dimensions
Weight
385 kg
Length
4.28 m
Width
1.68 m
Height
1 m
Firing height
0.81 m
Ordnance
Type
82mm smootbore breech loaded recoilless rifle
Barrel length
3.77 m
Muzzle velocity
565 m/s
Elevation
-13 to +25°
Traverse
360°
Fire control
Sights
Optical
Spotting rifle
12.7mm ZH 59
Firepower
Rate of fire
6 rpm
Range
1.2 km spotting rifle range
7.5 km indirect fire range
Carriage
Type
Two wheel carriage with small wheels
Gun shield
No
Ground clearance
0.32 m
Tread
1.52 m
Mobility
Towing vehicle
4x4 or 6x6 truck
Towing speed
60 km/h on road
20 km/h in the field
Autonomous mobility
Can be moved by crew in the field

Media