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M113 C&R



Overview


M113 C&V

A Dutch M113 C&V with its 25mm autocannon turret. The soldiers indicate the small size of this vehicle compared to the original M113.
Source: www.boekje-pienter.nl - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
United States
Type
Reconnaissance vehicle
Entered service
Late 1960's
Status
Limited service
Development
1963
Developer
United States - FMC Corporation
Production
1966 -1969
Producer
United States - FMC Corporation
Number produced
440
Designations
M113 C&R / Command & Reconnaissance
Lynx (Canadian service)
M113 Commando & Verkenning (Dutch service)
M113½ (popular nickname)
Notable users
Netherlands
Canada

Description


Introduction

The M113 C&R is a reconnaissance vehicle of US origin. It was developed in the early 1960's by the FMC Corporation as a private venture for export sales. The official name is "M113 Command and Reconnaissance Vehicle" but the abbreviation M113 C&R and nickname "Lynx" are more common. The M113 C&R was produced in limited quantities since only the Netherlands and Canada adopt it.

Layout

To make the M113 better suited in the reconnaissance role the silhouette was reduced by lowering the roofline significantly. In order to achieve this the engine that was normally located above the drivetrain was mounted at the rear. The M113 C&R is much lower and has only four roadwheels whereas the original M113 has five. The crew consists of a driver, commander and observer.

Firepower

The M113 C&R is armed with a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun in the more intricate M26 mount than the one used on the M113. In Dutch service this mount was replaced with the Oerlikon GBD-ADA turret in the 1970's, providing a massive increase in firepower. The GBD turret mounts the powerful 25mm KBA autocannon which can be used effectively against most armored vehicles.

Protection

The M113 has aluminum armor that protects against small arms fire and shell splinters all around. he M2HB can be fired from under armor protection, but must be reloaded in the open. NBC system and smoke grenade dischargers are fitted as standard.

Mobility

The M113 C&R has a good cross country with its tracked chassis and amphibious capability. The 6V53 diesel engine is the same as mounted on the M113A1. The maximum speed is 71 km/h on roads and 6 km/h in the water.

Users

The Netherlands army adopted the first of 250 Lynxes in 1966 and used them until the early 1990's as they were replaced by the Fennek. Canada ordered Lynx a few year later and used 174 of them until they were replaced with the Coyote. The Lynx remains in limited use as small number have been exported to Bahrain and Chile.

M113 Commando & Verkenning


M113 C&V

A Dutch M113 C&V during an open day. A section of belted 25mm ammunition is draped over the barrel.
Source: www.militairevoertuigen.punt.nl - © copyright lies with original owner

M113 Commando & Verkenning

The M113 Commando & Verkenning is the Dutch version of the M113 C&R of which a total of 266 M113 C&V have been produced. This original version of the C&R has the driver at the front left, the observer at the front right and the commander in the middle behind the other two crewmembers. The commander originally had a standard M113 cupola with 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun. In the 1970's at least 250 vehicles have been upgraded with the GBD-ADA one man turret with 25mm Oerlikon KBA autocannon.

Facts M113 Commando & Verkenning
General
Origin
United States
Type
Reconnaissance vehicle
Crew
3 (commander, driver, observer)
Dimensions
Weight
9 t combat load
8.1 t empty
Length
4.80 m gun foward
4.60 m hull
Width
2.27 m
Height
2.73 m to turret top
Main armament
Type
25mm KBA autocannon
Mount
GBD-ADA turret
Ammunition
450 rounds, 80 APDS and 120 HEI ready to fire
Elevation
12 to +52°, powered
Traverse
360°, powered
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 4 roadwheels
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Track on ground
2.38 m
Track link width
0.38 m
Track
1.89 m
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine
GMC 6V53 6-cylinder diesel
Power output
215 hp at 2.800 rpm
Transmission
Automatic, 3 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
300 L
Mobility
Speed
67 km/h on road
6 km/h in water
Range
460 km on road
Turn radius
6.4 m
Power to weight ratio
23.9 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.41 m
Wall
0.6 m
Trench
1.5 m
Gradient
60%
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Aluminum
Armor thickness
32 to 44 mm hull front
32 mm hull top
25 mm hull floor
19 to 32 mm hull sides
32 mm hull rear
NBC system
Yes
Smoke system
2x3 smoke grenade dischargers

Lynx


Lynx

Ex-Canadian Lynx at the Bovington tank museum.
Source: skuds - © GNU Attribution - Share Alike license

Lynx

The Lynx is the Canadian version of the M113 C&R of which 174 have been produced. The Canadian version differs from the Dutch version in having the driver at the front left, the commander with his M26 cupola at the front right and the observer seated behind the driver at the left. The Canadian version was never upgraded with the 25mm turret.

Facts Lynx
General
Origin
United States
Type
Reconnaissance vehicle
Crew
3 (commander, driver, observer)
Dimensions
Weight
8.8 t combat load
Length
4.60 m
Width
2.41 m
Height
2.18 m
Main armament
Type
12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Mount
M26 turret
Ammunition
1200 rounds, 100 ready to fire
Traverse
Manual traverse and elevation
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 4 roadwheels
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine
GMC 6V53 6-cylinder diesel
Power output
215 hp at 2.800 rpm
Transmission
Automatic, 3 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
300 L
Mobility
Speed
71 km/h on road
6 km/h in water
Range
520 km
Turn radius
6.4 m
Power to weight ratio
24.4 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.41 m
Wall
0.6 m
Trench
1.5 m
Gradient
60%
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Aluminum
Armor thickness
32 to 44 mm hull front
32 mm hull top
25 mm hull floor
19 to 32 mm hull sides
32 mm hull rear
NBC system
Yes
Smoke system
2x3 smoke grenade dischargers

Related articles


M113

The M113 C&R was derived from the M113, but ended up as a much smaller vehicle with lower roofline.

25mm Oerlikon KBA

The Dutch variant was retrofitted with an overheady weapon system fitted with a 25mm KBA autocannon.