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Type-054 class


NATO: Jiangkai I


Overview


Type-054 class (Jiangkai I)

Aerial view of Type-054 class at sea. Note the four AK-630 CIWS systems along the superstructure.
Source: Sinodefense - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
China
Type
Frigate
Entered service
2005
Status
In service
Development
Late 1990's - Early 2000's
Developer
China
Production
2003 - 2005
Producer
China - Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard
China - Huangpu shipyard
Number produced
2
Designations
Ma'anshan class (lead ship)
Jiangkai I class (NATO reporting name)
Notable users
China - PLA Navy

Description


Introduction

The Type-054 is a modern class of frigates of Chinese origin. The Type-054 was developed as a new generation of frigate with stealthy features. The design is heavily inspired by the French La Fayette class. Type-054 itself is an interim design with only two ships produced. Lessons were incorporated in the improved Type-054A class, of which 30 ships were produced.

Design

The Type-054 has a conventional layout and looks somewhat similar to the French La Fayette class. The main gun and octuple SAM launcher are mounted on the bow. The sensor mast and anti-ship missiles are mounted behind the main superstructure. Propulsion system and funnel are in the middle. A hanger and helicopter deck are located at the rear.

Firepower

Surface targets are engaged using the subsonic YJ-83 anti-ship missile or 100mm H/PJ87 dual purpose main gun. Medium range air defense is provided by the HHQ-7 system, but only a single target can be engaged at a time. Submarines are targeted with six barrel Type 87 ASW rocket launchers, Yu-7 lightweight torpedoes and the Ka-28PL helicopter. Four locally produced 30mm AK-630 CIWS and two decoy launchers are used for self defense.

Sensors

Practically all sensors are of French or Russian origin. The main sensors are the Type 363S 2D air search radar and MR-36A surface search radar. Submarines are detected using the MGK-335 active/passive sonar system. There is no towed array sonar. Additional systems include a combat data system, fire control radars, navigation radar, SATCOM and a datalink.

Mobility

The Type-054 uses CODAD propulsion using four Shaanxi diesel engines. Maximum speed is about 27 knots. At a more economic speed the range is about 4.000 nm. Maximum range is 8.000 nm at low speed.

Users

Two ships were produced to Type-054 standard. These remain in active service with the PLA Navy. At first 20 of the improved Type-054A class were planned, but this number was increased to 30 ships during the production run.

Details


Facts Type-054
General
Origin
China
Type
Frigate
Complement
Up to 190
Dimensions
Displacement
3.500 t standard
3.900 t full load
Length
134 m
Beam
16 m
Draft
5 m
Propulsion
Arrangement
CODAD
Engines
4x Shaanxi 16 PA6 STC diesel
Power output
7.600 hp each
30.400 hp combined
Propulsion
2 shafts
Mobility
Speed
27 kt max speed
Range
3.800 nm range at 18 kt
8.000 nm at most economic speed
Sensors
Air search
1x Type 363S 2D air and surface search
Surface search
1x MR-36A surface search
Fire control
4x Type 345 fire control for HQ-7
1x Type 347G for AK-630
1x MR-34 for 100mm gun
Sonar
1x MGK-335 active/passive hull mounted sonar
Navigation
2x Racal RM-1290 nagivation radar
Systems
Combat management
ZKJ-4B/6 combat data system
Communications
HN-900 data link
SNTI-240 SATCOM
Self-defense
Decoy
2x Type 726-4 18-tube decoy launcher
Electronic warfare
Type 922-1 radar warning receiver
HZ-100 ECM & ELINT system
Guns
Cannon
1x 100mm H/PJ-87 dual purpose gun
CIWS
4x 30mm H/PJ-13 CIWS
SSM
Anti-ship
2x4 YJ-83 subsonic anti-ship missile
SAM
Launcher
1x8 HHQ-7 medium range SAM
Ammunition
16 missiles
ASW
Close range ASW
2x6 240mm Type 87 ASW rocket
Torpedoes
2x3 324mm torpedo tube for Yu-7
Aircraft
Facilities
Helicopter deck with hangar
Supported aircraft
1x Ka-28PL or Z-9C helicopter

Media


Related articles


Type-054A class

The Type-054A class is an improved version of the Type-054 and is produced in much larger numbers. The easiest way to distinguish the Type-054A from the older Type-054 is the VLS on the bow instead of the octuple HQ-7 launcher.