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Type-052 class


NATO: Luhu class


Overview


Type-052 class

Type-052 (NATO: Luhu) class destroyer visiting Pearl Harbor.
Source: US Navy (MCS3 Ben Gonzales) - © Public domain

Origin
China
Type
Destroyer
Entered service
1994
Status
In service
Development
1985 - 1991
Developer
China
Production
1989 - 1996
Producer
China - Jiangnan shipyard, in Shanghai
Number produced
2
Designations
Luhu class (NATO reporting name)
Harbin class (lead ship)
Notable users
China - PLA Navy

Description


Introduction

The Type-052 is a class of destroyers of Chinese origin. These ships represent a radical design change from the earlier Soviet style ships using obsolete equipment. Two ships were built.

Layout

The Type-052 is the first Chinese destroyer built to modern Western standards. In China these are the first class of destroyers with gas turbine propulsion and the first type of ships to receive a central combat data system. For many years the Type-052 served as a test bed for integrating various, mostly foreign, naval components. Only after years of upgrades and refits these are now deemed operational warships.

Mobility

The Type-052 are the first gas turbine powered destroyers in Chinese service. The Type-052 uses a CODOG arrangement. Two MTU diesel engines are used to travel economic speeds. Two General Electric LM2500 gas turbines are used in combat. Reports of Ukrainian gas turbines fitted in the second ships appear to be incorrect. Maximum speed is 31 knots using gas power. The range is 5.000 nm at 15 knots using diesel power.

Users

The Type-052 was built for the PLA Navy. Two ships were produced and are still in service. In 2004 and 2011 extensive refits took place, with various upgrades in between.

Details


Facts Type-052 (before 2011) Type-052 (after 2011 refit)
General
Origin
China
Type
Destroyer
Complement
260
Dimensions
Displacement
4.200 t normal
4.800 t full load
Length
142 m
Beam
15 m
Draft
5.1 m
Propulsion
Arrangement
CODOG
Engines
2x General Electric LM2500 gas turbine
2x MTU 12V1163TB83 diesel engine
Power output
Up to 55.000 shp
Propulsion
2 shafts
Mobility
Speed
31 kt
Range
5.000 nm at 15 kt
Radar
Air/surface search
1x Thomson-CSF Sea Tiger (replace by Type 518)
Air/surface search
1x Type 518 Hai Ying
Air/surface search
1x Type 362
Fire control
1x Type 345 (for HHQ-7)
Fire control
1x Type 344 (for 100mm Type 79A)
Fire control
2x Type 347G (for 37mm Type 76A)
Sonar
Hull mounted
DE-1160 (1st of class)
Hull mounted
DUBV-23 (2nd of class)
Variable depth
DE-1163 (1st of class)
Variable depth
DUBV-43 (2nd of class)
Systems
Combat data system
SACOD 2 / ZKJ-3 (1st of class)
Combat data system
Thomson-CSF TAVITAC / ZKJ-4 (2nd of class)
Data link
SNTI-240 SATCOM
Guns
Dual purpose
1x2 100mm Type 79A
Dual purpose
4x2 37mm Type 76A
SSM
Medium range
2x4 YJ-8A
SAM
Medium range
1x8 HHQ-7, plus 16 reloads
ASW
Torpedo tubes
2x3 324mm Type 7424
Torpedo types
Yu-7 lightweight torpedo
ASW launcher
2x12 Type 75
Aircraft
Facilities
Hangar for 2 medium helicopters
Supported aircraft
2x Z-9C

Subcomponents


Before refit

100mm Type 79A
1x2 100mm Type 79A dual purpose gun on bow. Can be recognized by the rounded turret housing.
HHQ-7
1x8 HHQ-7 SAM system, plus 16 spare missiles.
2x4 YJ-8A subsonic anti-ship missiles amidships. These are the folding wing variant launched from smaller box launchers than the original YJ-8.
37mm Type 76A
4x2 37mm Type 76A. Serves as dual purpose gun and close-in weapon system.
2x12 Type 75 ASW rocket launcher.
Yu-7 lightweight torpedo in 2x3 Type 7424 torpedo tubes.
2x Z-9C naval helicopter. Hangar facilities for two helicopters, landing deck for a single helicopter.

After refit (2004 and 2011)

100mm H/PJ33A
1x2 100mm H/PJ33A on bow. The H/PJ33A is a refit of the earlier Type 79A with a more stealthy turret housing.
HHQ-7
1x8 HHQ-7 SAM system, plus 16 spare missiles. Reportedly improved to a newer standard.
4x4 YJ-83 subsonic anti-ship missiles amidships. These replaced the earlier YJ-8A. Therefore the Type-052 carries twice the number of anti-ship missiles, each having a three times longer range than before.
2x 30mm Type 730 close-in weapon system. Located on either side of hangar. These replaced the four twin gun 37mm Type 76A turrets.
2x6 Type 87 ASW rocket launcher. These longer range systems replaced the earlier Type 75.
Yu-7 lightweight torpedo in 2x3 Type 7424 torpedo tubes.
2x Z-9C naval helicopter. Refit possibly includes support for Ka-28 as well.