Top view of Chinese Type-056 (NATO: Jiangdao) class corvette.
Source: Chinese internet - © Copyright lies with original owner
The Type-056 is a class of corvettes of Chinese origin. They were developed to replace older corvettes and the first became operational in 2013. A variant called with improved anti-submarine warfare is known as the Type-056A, this is described separately.
The Type-056 is a larger and improved design based on the Pattani class patrol vessel as produced for export to Thailand. The Type-056 uses a low radar cross section hull design and uses diesel propulsion. Armament, sensors and combat data management are a downsized set as used on the Type-054A frigate. A helicopter deck supports medium size helicopters, but there is no hangar.
The Type-056 is mainly focused on anti-surface warfare. The main armament are four YJ-83 subsonic anti-ship missiles. A 76mm H/PJ26 dual purpose gun is mounted on the bow. Defense against inbound missiles is provided by the HHQ-10 octuple launch system for infrared guided missiles. Yu-7 lightweight torpodoes provide a degree of anti-submarine defense. For self-defense 30mm remote weapon systems and 12.7mm heavy machine guns are fitted.
The Type-056 is fitted with a basic sensor suite consisting of air and surface search radar, plus a bow mounted sonar.
The Type-056 class uses a diesel propulsion system. This setup is economic, but lacks the top speed found in frigates and destroyers fitted with gas turbine engines. Maximum speed is 25 kt and economic speed is 16 kt. At a speed of 16 kt the range is about 3.500 nautical miles.
The PLA Navy is the only user of the Type-056 in this exact set-up. The Type-056 corvette resulted in two designs for export. The C13B corvette is used by Bangladesh and known as the Shadhinota class. The P18N is an offshore patrol vessel for Nigeria, where it is known as the Centenary class. Furthermore, a variant with improved anti submarine capabilities was developed as the Type-056A subtype.
Source: Yingjing Qianyi
Copyright: GNU Attribution Share Alike license
Source: Chinese internet
Copyright: Copyright lies with original owner
1x 76mm H/PJ26 dual purpose gun on bow.
2x2 launcher for YJ-83 subsonic anti-ship missile.
1x8 HHQ-10 launcher for infrared guided short range missile defense.
2x3 torpedo tubes for Yu-7 lightweight torpedo.
Helicopter deck for 1x Z-9C naval helicopter. There is no hangar.
The Type-056 corvette uses a downscaled sensor package and selection of armament also found on the Type-054A frigate.
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