RPG-18 disposable rocket launcher.
Source: Costas @ talks.guns.ru - © copyright lies with original owner
The RPG-18 Mukha is a late Cold War era disposable rocket launcher of Soviet origin. The RPG-18 was the first Soviet rocket launcher that could not be reloaded. Earlier weapons such as the RPG-7 were reusable. The improved RPG-22 was designed to replace the RPG-18.
The design was inspired by the M72 LAW that was adopted by US forces in the 1960's. The RPG-18 consists of a pre-loaded aluminum launch tube and a fiberglass outer tube which must be extended prior to firing. Once extended it cannot be retracted. A flip up ladder sight is used for aiming. Since it is a disposable rocket launcher it is operated by a single person.
The RPG-18 fires the PG-18 HEAT rocket. The shaped charge warhead will pierce 300 mm of homogenous steel armor. Alternatively it can penetrate 1 m of brick wall or 0.5 m concrete. The maximum effective range is 200 meters. The practical range is quoted as 100 to 150 meters.
The RPG-18 was adopted by the Soviet forces and exported in limited quantities. In Soviet service the RPG-18 replaced the RKG-3 anti-tank hand grenade. The RPG-18 is becoming obsolete since it is no longer produced since the early 1990's.
The RPG-22 is the successor of the RPG-22. Both rocket launcher have a similar design, with the RPG-22 being the upscaled version.
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