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Type 96


96式装輪装甲車


Overview


Type 96

Right side view of Type 96 with crew firing the 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun.
Source: Japanese internet - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Japan
Type
Armored personnel carrier
Entered service
1996
Status
In service
Development
Early 1990's
Developer
Japan - Komatsu
Production
1996 - present?
Producer
Japan - Komatsu
Unit cost
About $ 1.6 million per unit
Number produced
381 produced by 2016
Designations
96式装輪装甲車
Cougar (official nickname)
96WAPC (official abbreviation)
Notable users
Japan

Description


Introduction

The Type 96 is a modern armored personnel carrier of Japanese origin. It was designed to supplement and partially replace the fleet of tracked APCs in Japanese service. The Type 96 features design elements from the Type 82 and Type 87 6x6 armored reconnaissance vehicles.

Design

The Type 96 has a classic wheeled APC layout. The driver and commander are seated in tandem on the right of the engine. The troop compartment makes up the rear of the vehicle. It seats 8 soldiers and can be accessed through the roof hatches and rear ramp.

Firepower

The Type 96 is armed with either a 40mm Type 96 automatic grenade launcher or 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun. Either weapon is mounted on the commander's cupola and can be fired under full armor protection.

Protection

The steel hull provides protection against small arms fire and shell splinters. It is possible that the Type 96 may resist heavy machine gun fire over the frontal arc. Equipment includes a laser warning device, NBC system and two banks of four smoke grenade launchers.

Mobility

The 8x8 chassis provides very good mobility on roads and good mobility in all but the most difficult terrain. Steering is over the four forward wheels and a central tire pressure system is fitted. The 360hp Mitsubishi diesel engine provides a maximum road speed of 100 km/h.

Users

Like all Japanese military production the Type 96 is only used by Japan and is not available for export. The Type 96 was adopted in 1996, but series production commenced after 2001. A total of 500 vehicles was planned to be acquired. A total of 381 were produced by 2016.

Variants


Type 96

Forward view of Type 96 armed with 40mm Type 96 automatic grenade launcher.
Source: Japanese internet - © copyright lies with original owner

Variants of the Type 96

The Type 96 is a conventional 8x8 armored personnel carrier. It can be distinguished from foreign models by the large flat vertical sides. Unlike foreign 8x8 APC designs the Type 96 doesn't have a large number of variants. The models that do exist feature only minor differences.

Type 96, Type A
Standard armored personnel carrier version used to transport infantry on the battlefied. The Type A version is armed with the 40mm Type 96 automatic grenade launcher.
Type 96, Type B
The Type B model is virtually identical to the Type A except for the armament. The Type B features a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun. Reportedly the production ratio between Type A and B is 10 to 1.
Type 96, NBC variant
NBC reconnaissance version to supplement chemical reconnaissance variant of the Type 82. Carries special equipment and specialists instead of infantry.

Details


Facts Type 96
General
Origin
Japan
Type
Armored personnel carrier
Crew
2 + 8 (commander, driver, 8 soldiers)
Optional seating for 2 + 10
Dimensions
Weight
14.6 t combat load
Length
6.84 m
Width
2.48 m
Height
1.85 m
Main armament (Type A)
Type
40mm Type 96 automatic grenade launcher
Mount
Commander's cupole, can be fired from under armor protection
Ammunition
50 grenades ready to fire, total quantity unknown
Main armament (Type B)
Type
12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Mount
Commander's cupole, can be fired from under armor protection
Ammunition
100 rounds ready to fire, total quantity unknown
Chassis
Chassis type
Wheeled chassis, 8x8
Steering
2 front axles
Automotive
Engine model
Mitsubishi 6D40
Engine type
Water-cooled 6-cylinder turbocharged diesel
Power output
360 hp at 2.200 rpm
Transmission
5 forward, 2 reverse
Mobility
Speed
100 km/h on road
Range
500 km on road
Power to weight ratio
24.7 hp/t
Protection
Armor type
Steel
NBC system
Yes
Smoke system
2x4 smoke grenade dischargers
Equipment
Night vision
Yes, passive for driver

Armament options


Howa Type 96

Automatic grenade launcher firing the 40x53mm NATO high velocity grenade. Used on the Type A variant of the Type 96.

Browning M2HB

12.7mm heavy machine gun used on the Type B variant of the Type 96.

Media


Related articles


Type 82

The Type 96 NBC reconnaissance variant supplements the chemical reconnaissance variant based on the Type 82 6x6 command post vehicle.