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AMX-30 DCA



Overview


AMX-30 DCA

Right side view of Saudi Arabian AMX-30 DCA self-propelled anti-aircraft gun.
Source: Unknown author - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
France
Type
Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Entered service
Late 1970's
Status
Small numbers remain in service
Development
1969 - early 1970's
Developer
France - Thomson-CSF, AMX, Hispano-Suiza
Production
1975 - ?
Producer
France - Thomson-CSF, AMX, Hispano-Suiza
Number produced
A total of 53 vehicles produced.
Designation
DCA / Défense Contre Avions
French for "defense against aircraft".
AMX-30SA
Saudi service
Notable users
Saudi Arabia

Description


Introduction

The AMX-30 DCA is a late Cold War era self-propelled anti-aircraft gun of French origin. It was developed as a private venture from the AMX-13 DCA, a similar system produced for the French army. The name DCA stands for <I>Défense Contre Avions</I> which translates to <I>defense against aircraft</I>.

Layout

The AMX-30 DCA is rather similar to the AMX-13 DCA that was developed a few years earlier. The AMX-30 chassis is larger and provides a better platform for the large two man turret. Two Hispano-Suiza 30mm autocannon are mounted side by side at the front of the turret and a search and tracking radar is mounted at the rear of the turret. The engine and drivetrain are located at the rear and the driver is seated in the hull front.

Firepower

The armament of the AMX-30 DCA consists of two powerful 30mm HS-831A autocannon. Fire modes are semi-automatic or bursts of 5 to 15 rounds. The cyclic rate of fire is 650 rpm per barrel and a total of 1.200 rounds are carried. The maximum effective range is 3 km with a slant range of 5 km. These autocannon are also effective against light armored vehicles and infantry in the open.

Fire control

The AMX-30 DCA is fitted with the Oeil Noir 1 doppler seach and tracking radar. This radar is connected to an analogue computer. Aircraft and helicopters can be detected out to 12 km and at altitudes of up to 3 km. Alternatively manual fire control can be used to engage aerial and ground targets.

Protection

The AMX-30 DCA is operated from under full armor protection. The steel hull and turret provide protection against small arms fire and shell splinters. Four smoke grenade dischargers are fitted on the turret rear.

Mobility

The only customer for the AMX-30 DCA was Saudi Arabia, which acquired a wide range of vehicles based on the AMX-30 main battle tank design. The AMX-30 DCA is used in conjunction with the Shahine. The Shahine a low level self-propelled SAM system based on the French Crotale SAM system and the AMX-30 chassis.

Users

The AMX-30 DCA was ordered by Saudi Arabia for use alongside the Shahine SAM system. A total of 53 vehicles were acquired. Currently the AMX-30 DCA is believed to be kept in reserve.

Details


AMX-30 DCA

Right side view of AMX-30 DCA self-propelled anti-aircraft gun.
Source: Unknown author - © copyright lies with original owner

AMX-30 DCA

The AMX-30 DCA is a self-propelled anti-aircraft gun based on the chassis of the AMX-30 main battle tank. In particular the AMX-30SA chassis with modifications for use in desert climate was used, since the only production vehicles were destined for Saudi Arabia. The large round turret in conjunction with the AMX-30 chassis make the AMX-30 DCA easy to identify. There are no variants, except for its predecessor. The AMX-13 DCA is described in a separate article.

Facts AMX-30 DCA
General
Origin
France
Type
Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Crew
3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Dimensions
Weight
36 t combat load
34 t empty
Length
6.59 m hull
Width
3.1 m
Height
3.8 m radar raised
3.0 m radar lowered
Armament
Type
2x 30mm HS-831A autocannon
Ammunition
600 rounds ready to fire, 1.500 rounds in total
Elevation
-5 to +85 degrees, powered, 45 degrees/s
Traverse
360 degrees, powered, 80 degrees/s
Rate of fire
650 rpm per barrel, 1.300 rpm combined
Range
3 km effective
5 km slant range
Stabilizer
No
Sensors
Radar
Oeil Noir 1 radar on turret, 12 km range
Sight
Sagem 1x or 6x sight, 12 degree field of view
Automotive
Chassis
Tracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front and drive sprocket rear
2.53 m track, 4.12 m track on ground, 0.57 m width
Suspension
Torsion bar
Engine
Hispano-Suiza HS 110 12-cylinder water-cooled supercharged diesel
Power output
720 hp at 2.000 rpm
Transmission
Mechanical, 5 forward, 5 reverse
Fuel
970 L
Mobility
Max speed
65 km/h
50 km/h average on road
35 km/h average cross country
Ground pressure
0.77 kg/cm^2
Range
500 - 600 km
Wall
0.9 m
Trench
2.9 m
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Smoke
2x2 smoke grenade dischargers

Related articles


AMX-13 DCA

The AMX-30 DCA is a further development of the AMX-13 DCA that served with the French army.