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V-100 Commando


M706


Overview


XM706E2

US Air Force XM706E2 seen during an exercise in 1981.
Source: US Air Force - © Public domain

Origin
United States
Type
Armored car
Entered service
Mid 1960's
Status
Obsolete
Development
1962
Developer
United States - Cadillac Gage
Production
1964 - ?
Producer
United States - Cadillac Gage
Number produced
Several thousand (estimate)
Designations
M706 (US military service)
Notable users
United States

Description


Introduction

The V-100 Commando is an early Cold War era armored car of US origin. It was developed as a private venture by Cadillac Gage in the early 1960's. The V-100 is the first variant of the Commando series of armored cars that was produced for several decades. Some were adopted by US forces as the M706.

Design

The V-100 is an armored car with a monocoque steel hull. It can be fitted with several variations of a small turret, or with a (partial) parapet for pintle mounted weapons. The engine is located at the rear located at the rear left, allowing for a small passage to a door at the rear right. In addition there is a door on either side.

Firepower

Many V-100 were armed with 7.62mm M60 machine guns on pintle mount. Some were armed with a 12.7mm M2HB machine gun. Some US Air Force vehicles were armed with the XM174 automatic grenade launcher.

Protection

The steel hull protects the crew from regular small arms fire and shell splinters. The armor is not rated against .30 caliber AP ammunition and heavy machine gun fire. The tires are of the run flat type.

Mobility

The V-100 is powered by a Chrysler V8 petrol engine. This produced a maximum of 200 hp and allows for a maximum road speed of 100 km/h. The V-100 is amphibious and is propelled in the water by its wheels. The V-100 is the early model of the Commando series of armored vehicles. All subsequent versions of the Commando have an improved suspension, increasing load capacity and reducing break downs.

Users

The V-100 was exported to several nations and adopted by the US Army and Air Force is small numbers. The US used the V-100 in Vietnam for rear area patrol duties and airfield protection. Some former military V-100 were provided to several local law enforcement SWAT teams, the Los Angeles Police Department being a well known user.

Variants


XM706E2

US Air Force security policemen leave an XM706E2 during training in 1980.
Source: US Air Force - © Public domain

The V-100 is the original model of the Commando. At first it was known just as the Commando. The V-100 designation was used several years later. It is also known under the US military designation or M706. Although the V-100 was trailed with various turrets with machine guns, grenade launchers and 20mm autocannon. Only a number of relatively basic models saw service.

V-100 (parapet)
V-100 early production model with a single machine gun on pintle mount.
V-100 (turret)
V-100 early production model with large one man turret with two machine guns.
XM706
A V-100 with small twin 7.62mm machine gun turret used by the US Army. Standardized as M706. Later models and conversion kits allowed for one of the 7.62mm machine guns to be replaced by a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun.
XM706E1
A V-100 with parapet instead of turret. Multiple pintle mounts allow for 7.62mm and 12.7mm machine guns.
XM706E2
A V-100 with standard roofline and partial parapet for protection. Used by the US Air force as base security vehicle.

Details


Facts M706 (T50 turret)
General
Origin
United States
Type
Armored car
Crew
2 + 7 (driver, gunner, 7 passengers)
Dimensions
Weight
7.37 t combat load
Length
5.69 m
Width
2.30 m
Height
2.40 m
Main armament
Type
2x M73 or M219 machine gun
Mount
T50 one man turret
Ammunition
Up to 8.580 rounds, 880 ready to fire
(less ammunition carried with passengers)
Elevation
-14° to +59°, manual
Traverse
360°, manual
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Wheeled chassis, 4x4
Ground pressure
1.48 kg/cm² on road
Wheelbase
2.67 m
Suspension
Leaf spring
Tire size
14.50 x21
Automotive
Engine model
Chrysler 361
Engine type
V8 petrol
Power output
191 hp at 4.000 rpm
Torque
440 Nm at 2.400 rpm
Transmission
5 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
300 L
Mobility
Speed
100 km/h on road
5 km/h afloat
Range
640 km on road
Turn radius
16 m
Power to weight ratio
25.9 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.41 m
Wall
0.6 m
Gradient
50 %
Slope
30 %
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Armor thickness
9 mm upper hull front
6 mm lower hull front, sides, roof and rear
9 mm turret front
6 mm turret sides and rear
NBC system
No
Smoke system
No
Equipment
Night vision
No
Winch
5 t capacity

Media


Subcomponents


M60

In US military service most of the M706 variants were armed with pintle mounted 7.62mm M60 machine guns.

Browning M2HB

Some vehicles in US military service were armed with the 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun.

Related articles


V-200 Commando

The V-200 is an enlarged version of the V-100, allowing it to carry more troops and making it a more suitable platform for weapons carriers.