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V-200 Commando



Overview


V-200 Commando

Former Singaporean V-200 armored car with 20mm Oerlikon autocannon on public display at the Singapore army museum.
Source: Katangais - © CC BY 2.5

Origin
United States
Type
Armored car
Entered service
1970
Status
Obsolete
Development
1967 - 1968
Developer
United States - Cadillac Gage
Production
1969 - 1971?
Producer
United States - Cadillac Gage
Number produced
About 250
Designations
Commando
Notable users
Singapore

Description


Introduction

The V-200 is mid Cold War era armored car of US origin. It was developed in the late 1960's as a larger and more flexible vehicle than the V-100.

Design

The V-200 is an enlarged version of the V-100. It was developed at the request of Singapore. The V-200 is longer, has a more powerful engine and uses strengthened automotive parts that are also used on US Army 5-ton trucks. Advantages over the V-100 are increased reliability, increased internal space and much improved cargo capacity.

Firepower

The V-200 is the first in the Commando line of vehicles that introduced heavy weapons in production vehicles. Singapore ordered versions with a 20mm Oerlikon KAA autocannon and a 90mm Mecar gun. The turrets have powered traverse and elevation, but the armament is not stabilized. Other variants include an 81mm and 120mm mortar carrier. Singapore has reused some V-200 as chassis for the RBS-70 surface to air missile.

Protection

The steel hull protects the crew from regular small arms fire and shell splinters. The armor is not rated against .30 caliber AP ammunition and heavy machine gun fire. The tires are of the run flat type. Depending on the type of turret fitted there are smoke grenade dischargers.

Mobility

The V-200 retains the four wheel setup of the V-100. A more powerful 275 hp Chrysler petrol engine is used to compensate the weight increase. A more powerful recovery winch is fitted as well. The armored personnel carrier version is still able to reach 100 km/h on roads. Variants with a heavy turret are only slightly slower. The V-200 is amphibious and is propelled in the water by its wheels.

Users

The V-200 was developed at the request of Singapore, which acquired several variants of the V-200. When the V-200 entered production the V-150 was already in development, being a hybrid of the V-100 and V-200. All subsequent sales were of the V-150 type.

Variants


V-200 Commando with RBS-70

Singapore air force V-200 Commando with RBS-70 surface to air missile, photographed in 2013.
Source: Alert5 - © CC BY-SA 4.0

List of V-200 variants

20mm autocannon
V-200 with two man turret with 20mm Oerlikon KAA and 7.62mm MAG Coaxial machine gun. Seats a total of 11 people.
90mm cannon
V-200 with two man turret with 90mm Mecar gun and 7.62mm FN MAG coaxial machine gun. Seats a total of 6 people and carries 40 shells for the 90mm gun.
Armored personnel carrier
V-200 with pintle mounted machine guns. Seats a total of 12 people.
Recovery vehicle
V-200 with forward mounted A-frame that folds over the vehicle. This is used in conjunction with an 11.3 t winch.
81mm mortar
V-200 with parapet and forward firing 81mm M29 mortar and 96 shells. This has a crew of 5.
120mm mortar
V-200 with parapet and forward firing 120mm mortar, most likely a Soltam mortar as used by Singapore.
RBS-70 missile
Singaporean modification with pintle mounted RBS-70 surface to air missile.

Details


Facts V-200 (20mm)
General
Origin
United States
Type
Armored car
Crew
3 + 8 (commander, driver, gunner, 8 passengers)
Dimensions
Weight
14.1 t combat load
11.1 t without ammunition
Length
6.12 m
Width
2.40 m
Height
2.7 m to turret roof
Main armament
Type
20mm Oerlikon 204 GK autocannon
Mount
Main gun in turret
Ammunition
525 rounds, 200 ready to fire
Elevation
-8° to +60°
Elevation rate
40°/s, powered
Traverse
360°
Traverse rate
60°/s, powered
Stabilizer
No
Coaxial armament
Type
7.62mm MAG Coaxial machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main gun
Ammunition
5.000 rounds in total, 400 ready to fire
Traverse
Traverse and elevation as main armament
Stabilizer
No
Secondary armament
Type
7.62mm MAG machine gun
Mount
Pintle mount on turret roof and/or pintle mount above rear exit
Ammunition
5.000 rounds in total
Traverse
Manual traverse and elevation
Chassis
Chassis type
Wheeled chassis, 4x4
Ground pressure
1.3 kg/cm² on road
Wheelbase
3.26 m
Tread
2.04 m front
2.08 m rear
Suspension
Leaf spring
Automotive
Engine model
Chrysler 440
Engine type
V8 petrol
Power output
275 hp
Transmission
5 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
380 L
Mobility
Speed
96 km/h on road
5 km/h afloat
Range
480 km on road
Turn radius
9.8 m
Power to weight ratio
19.5 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.43 m
Wall
0.6 m
Gradient
50 %
Slope
30 %
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Armor thickness
9 mm upper hull front
6 mm lower hull front, sides, roof and rear
9 mm turret front
6 mm turret sides and rear
NBC system
No
Smoke system
2x2 smoke grenade dischargers
Equipment
Night vision
No
Winch
6.8 t capacity

Media


Related articles


V-100 Commando

The V-200 is an enlarged version of the earlier V-100, allowing it to carry more troops and making it a more suitable platform for weapons carriers.