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Type 90 ARV


90式戦車回収車


Overview


Type 90 ARV

Forward view of Type 90 armored recovery vehicle on the move.
Source: Hvhv - © public domain

Origin
Japan
Type
Recovery vehicle
Entered service
1990
Status
In service
Development
Late 1980's
Developer
Japan - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Production
1990 - 2010 (series production)
Producer
Japan - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Number produced
30, plus 1 prototype
Designations
90式戦車回収車
90TKR (abbreviation in Japanese service)

Description


Introduction

The Type 90 is an armored recovery vehicle of Japanese origin. It was developed to support the Type 90 main battle tank and was adopted the same year.

Design

The Type 90 ARV is based on the chassis of the Type 90 main battle tank. The engine, drivetrain and many other components are in common with the Type 90 main battle tank. Instead of a turret it features a 25 t crane and a fixed superstructure for the four man crew. A 50 t winch is fitted and there is a dozer blade that doubles as an earth anchor.

Protection

The Type 90 ARV has a steel body with armored superstructure. The exact protection level isn't public, but it is known that it does not have composite armor. For self-defense smoke grenade dischargers are mounted at the front. A 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun is fitted on the roof.

Users

The Type 90 armored recovery vehicle was adopted by Japan to support the Type 90 main battle tank. A total of 30 vehicles were produced over 2 decades. The Type 90 remains in service today.

Details


Facts Type 90 ARV
General
Origin
Japan
Type
Armored recovery vehicle
Crew
4 (commander, driver, 2 operators)
Dimensions
Weight
About 50 t
Length
9.2 m
Width
3.4 m
Height
2.7 m hull roof
4 m overall
Equipment
Obstacle clearing
Hydraulic dozer blade
Winch
50 t
Crane
25 t lifting capacity
Main armament
Type
12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Mount
Pintle mount on roof
Ammunition
100 rounds ready to fire
Traverse
Manual traverse and elevation
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels
Chassis layout
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Suspension
Combination of torsion bar and hydraulic
Track width
0.60 m
Length on ground
4.55 m
Tread
2.71 m
Automotive
Engine
Mitsubishi 10ZG32WT 10-cylinder diesel
Power output
1.500 hp at 2.400 rpm
Transmission
Mitsubishi MT1500 automatic transmission
Gears
4 forward, 2 reverse
Fuel
1.100 L (estimate)
Mobility
Speed
70 km/h
Range
500 km
Turn radius
Pivot
Power to weight ratio
30 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.45 m
Wall
1 m
Trench
2.7 m
Gradient
60 %
Fording
1 m
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Smoke system
2x3 or 2x4 smoke grenade dischargers

Media


Related articles


Type 90

The Type 90 ARV was developed to support the Type 90 main battle tank. Both vehicles are based on a similar chassis.

Type 11 ARV

The Type 11 ARV is the latest Japanese armored recovery vehicle. Designed to support the newer and smaller Type 10 main battle tank.

12.7mm M2HB

The M2HB heavy machine gun is fitted for self-defense on the roof of the Type 90 ARV.