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Makarov PM



Overview


Makarov PM

Right side view of modern production PM pistol with black grips.
Source: MoviePropMaster2008 @ www.imfdb.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Pistol
Entered service
1951
Status
In service
Development
Late 1940's
Developer
Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov
Production
1949 - present
Producers
Soviet Union - Izhmash
Russia - Izhmash
Bulgaria - Arsenal
China - Norinco
East Germany - Simson
Vietnam
Designations
56-A-125
GRAU index
PM / Pistolet Makarova
Russian for "Makarov pistol"
Type 59
Chinese production and service
Pistole M
East German production and service
K59
Vietnamese production and service

Description


Introduction

The Makarov is an early Cold War era pistol of Soviet origin. It was developed in the late 1940's to replace the older Tokarev pistol and is one of the most numerous pistols in the world.

Design

The design of the Makarov was influenced by the German Walther PP pistol. The Makarov is a very simple pistol due to the use of the simple straight blowback mechanism. It is made out of steel and has plastic grip plates. The 9x18mm round, based on the 9mm Ultra, was specifically designed for this pistol.

Firepower

The Makarov PM fires the 9x18mm round from an 8 round magazine. As with most pistols the effective range is about 25 meters.

Users

The Makarov was adopted in 1951 as the standard issue pistol of the Soviet Union. Since the 1990’s it has been officially replaced by newer designs, but large quantities remain in service. The Makarov was exported to many allies of the Soviet Union and is a popular civilian firearm in the USA.

Details


Makarov PM

Right side view of PM pistol.
Source: www.dreadgazebo.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Makarov PM

The PM is the original model of the Makarov pistol. PM stands for "Pistolet Makarova", Russian for "Makarov pistol". It fires the original 9x18mm round from an 8 round magazine. The vast majority of Makarov pistols are the PM model. The PM is still produced for civilian and export sales with some minor modifications.

Facts Makarov PM
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Pistol
Caliber
Caliber
9x18mm Makarov
Magazine
8 round detachable box
Barrel length
94 mm
Rifling
4 grooves, 260 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity
315 m/s
Operation
Action
Simple blowback, double action
Fire selector
0 - 1
Rate of fire
Semi-automatic
Dimensions
Length
161 mm
Width
29 mm
Height
127 mm
Weight
0.73 kg empty
0.81 kg loaded
Sights
Type
Iron sights, fixed, blade front, notch rear

Related articles


Makarov PB

The Makarov PB is a silent pistol for use by special units. The design is based on the Makarov PM and it uses the same ammunition and magazines.

Stechkin APS

The Stechkin APS is a machine pistol of Soviet origin. It uses the 9x18mm Makarov round, but is much larger and has a 20 round magazine capacity.

Yarygin PYa

The Yarygin PYa was adopted by Russia as a standard issue pistol to supplement and replace the Makarov in Russian service.