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Rooikat



Overview


Rooikat

A Rooikat with its turret traversed to the left.
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Origin
South Africa
Type
Reconnaissance vehicle
Entered service
1990
Status
In service
Development
1985 - 1987
Developer
South Africa - Vickers OMC
Production
1989 - 1990's
Producer
South Africa - Vickers OMC
Number produced
About 240

Description


Introduction

The Rooikat is a modern wheeled reconnaissance vehicle of South African origin. It was developed in the late 1980's to replace the AML-90 in South African service. Due to its powerful armament it may double as a tank destroyer. The name "Rooikat" is Afrikaans for "African lynx".

Layout

The Rooikat is based on a large 8x8 chassis that was developed specifically for this system. The driver is located in the front, the turret with the other three crewmembers in the middle and the engine at the rear. The 8x8 chassis was chosen for its good mobility in the bush and to remain a low profile. The 76mm cannon is unique to the Rooikat and has been derived from the OTO Melara 76mm naval cannon. Since the 76mm rounds are smaller than 105mm rounds more ammunition can be carried.

Firepower

The Rooikat is armed with a rifled 76mm 62-caliber GT4 cannon for which total of 48 76mm rounds are carried. Due to its stabilization and good fire control system it is able to fire on the move. The APFSDS-T round has a 2 to 3 km range and will destroy most armored vehicles and older tanks. The HE-T rounds have a direct fire range of 3 km and indirect range of 12 km. The rate of fire is 6 rpm. A 7.62mm MG4 machine gun is fitted as a coaxial weapon and a second one is pintle mounted on the roof. The prototype Rooikat 105 is armed with a 105mm rifled GT7 cannon for which only 32 NATO-compatible rounds are carried.

Protection

The steel armor protects the crew from 23mm rounds over the frontal arc and small arms fire and shell splinters all around. Mine protection is good, although it may not be of the same level as many other South African mine protected vehicles. A NBC system is optional. Two banks of four smoke grenade dischargers are fitted and a smoke screen can be laid by injecting diesel in the exhaust.

Mobility

The 8x8 chassis combined with large tires provides Rooikat has a very good all terrain performance and high road speed. A 563 hp diesel engine provides propulsion and the driver may select either 8x4 or 8x8 drive.

Users

The Rooikat with 76mm gun is only used by South Africa. About 240 have been built of which 80 remain in active service and many others are stored. The Rooikat has not been exported, although the Rooikat 105 is actively marketed.

Details


Rooikat

A Rooikat demonstrating its good off road performance.
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Variants of the Rooikat

The Rooikat is a reconnaissance vehicle that is based on a large 8x8 chassis and a unique 76mm gun. The low profile 8x8 chassis with its sloped front and large octagonal turret makes the Rooikat easy to identify.

The Rooikat 105 is a modified version of the Rooikat that was developed for the export market. It has a 105mm GT7 rifled cannon, larger tires and can be fitted with various fire control systems. The original Rooikat is sometimes named Rooikat 76 to distinguish it from the 105mm version.

Facts Rooikat 76
General
Origin
South Africa
Type
Reconnaissance vehicle
Crew
4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)
Dimensions
Weight
28.0 t combat load
Length
8.2 m gun forward
7.09 m hull
Width
2.8 m hull
2.9 m overall
Height
2.8 m overall
2.5 m turret roof
1.76 m hull top
Main armament
Type
76mm GT4 L/62 rifled cannon
Mount
Turret
Ammunition
48 rounds, 9 ready to use
Elevation
-10 to +20°
Traverse
360°
Stabilizer
Yes, in both axis
Coaxial armament
Type
7.62mm MG4 CA machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
3.600 rounds in total
Traverse
Traverse and elevation as main armament
Secondary armament
Type
7.62mm MG4 AA machine gun
Mount
Pintle mount on turret roof
Ammunition
3.600 rounds in total
Traverse
Manual traverse and elevation
Chassis
Chassis type
Wheeled chassis, 8x8
Wheelbase
1.55 + 2.03 + 1.63 m
Track
2.42 m
Tire size
16.00 x20
Automotive
Engine
V-10 turbo diesel
Power output
563 hp
Transmission
Automatic, 6 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
540 L
Mobility
Max speed
120 km/h on road
60 km/h cross country
Range
1.000 km
Power to weight ratio
20.1 hp/t
Turn radius
25 m
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.4 m
Wall
1 m
Trench
2 m
Gradient
70 %
Slope
30 %
Fording
1.5 m
Protection
Armor type
Steel
NBC system
Optional
Smoke
8x 81mm smoke grenade discharger
Exhaust diesel injection
Equipment
Night vision
Yes

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