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152mm 2A36 Giatsint-B



Overview


2A36 Giatsint-B

Ukrainian troops loading and firing a 2A36 towed howitzer in 2017.

Source: Ministry of Defense of Ukraine - © GNU Attribution Share Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Towed howitzer
Entered service
1975
Status
In service
Development
1968 - 1972 (design project)
1971 - 1972 (state trails)
Developer
Soviet Union - Perm machine works
Production
1976 - 1989
Producer
Soviet Union - Uraltransmash
Number produced
About 2.000
Designations
Giatsint-B
M1976
NATO reporting name
152 K 79
Finnish service

Description


Introduction

The 2A36 is a late Cold War era towed howitzer of USSR origin. It was developed in the early 1970's together with the self-propelled 2S5 to provide long range shelling and counter battery fire. The 2A36 replaced the M-46 in this role and provides a massive increase in performance. The 2A36 has the nickname Giatsint-B and until its designation was known was called the M1976 by NATO. The self-propelled 2S5, described elsewhere, is known as the Giatsint-S.

Layout

The 2A36 uses a split trail carriage with a four wheel chassis. A single jack is used to raise the chassis of the ground in the firing position. A 152mm 49-caliber howitzer with multislotted muzzle brake is fitted. The ordnance is mounted on a cradle that allows for elevation and limited traverse. To assist in loading there is as swiveling loading tray and a hydraulic rammer. A gun shield provides the crew of 8 with some protection over the frontal arc.

Firepower

The 2A36 fires its own range of 152mm ammunition that is not interchangeable with older 152mm ammunition such as used by the D-20. A wide range of ammunition is available and includes HE-Frag, rocket assisted, armor piercing, illumination and smoke. The maximum range is 27 km for standard shells and 40 km for rocket assisted shells. Russian sources indicate a maximum range of only 33 km with rocket assisted shells. The direct fire range is about 2 km. The maximum rate of fire is 5 to 6 rpm.

Mobility

The 2A36 is normally towed by a 6x6 truck such as the KrAZ-260 or the Ural 4320. Its size and weight make it difficult to transport. Nonetheless it may be towed up to 80 km/h on road and 30 km/h off road.

Users

The main user of the 2A36 was the USSR and now Russia. It is also in use with most nations that were part of the USSR. Unlike most Soviet weapon systems the 2A36 was hardly exported, not even to Warsaw Pact nations.

Details


2A36

A 152mm 2A36 howitzer in front of a 203mm B-4 howitzer.
Source: One half 3544 - © public domain

2A36 Giatsint-B

The 2A36 is a large and heavy towed howitzer with a long 152mm barrel. It has a good range and rate of fire. A slightly modified version of this ordnance, designated 2A37, is used on the self-propelled 2S5 Giatsint-S. There are no real variants of the towed 2A36, although it is reported that some were fitted with a longer L/53.8 barrel opposed to the standard L/49 barrel.

Facts 2A36 Giatsint-B
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Towed howitzer
Crew
8
Dimensions
Weight
9.8 t in travel & firing position
Length
12.92 m travelling
12.30 m in firing position
Width
2.79 m travelling
Height
2.76 m travelling
Ordnance
Type
152mm L/49 howitzer
Barrel length
8.197 m barrel
Muzzle brake
Multi-slot muzzle brake
Elevation
-2.5 to +57°
Traverse
25° left and right
Muzzle velocity
560 - 945 m/s
Firepower
Rate of fire
5 - 6 rpm
Range
27 km standard rounds
40 km rocket assisted
Carriage
Type
4 wheel split trail carriage
Gun shield
Yes
Max speed
80 km/h on roads
30 km/h off road
Towing vehicle
6x6 truck (KrAZ-260, Ural 4320)

Media