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GM-94


LPO-97


Overview


GM-94

A GM-94 grenade launcher and three associated rounds.
Source: KardeN - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Russia
Type
Grenade launcher
Entered service
Mid 1990's
Status
In service
Development
Early 1990's
Developer
Russia - KBP Instrument Design Bureau
Production
1995 - present
Producer
Russia - KBP Instrument Design Bureau
Designations
LPO-97 (Russian army service)

Description


Introduction

The GM-94 is a grenade launcher of Russian origin. It was developed in the early 1990's by KBP Tula and was specifically designed for urban warfare. The wide variety of ammunition makes the GM-94 a very versatile system. Against infantry in buildings thermobaric rounds can be used, infantry in the open can be engaged with fragmentation rounds, shaped charge rounds will disable light armored vehicles and various non lethal rounds can be used during riots.

Design

The GM-94 was derived from the RMB-93 shotgun and it has a similar layout. The rifled barrel that is fitted with a polymer heat shiels is located below the tubular magazine. The magazine holds three rounds or four in case of rubber baton rounds. The GM-94 is a pump action weapon and when a shot is fired the operator slides the barrel forward loading a new round. The GM-94 is fitted with either a tubular stock that folds upwards and has a rubber buttpad or a fixed stock. Flip up sights are located on top of the weapon.

Firepower

The GM-94 fires a proprietary line of 43 mm grenades that includes thermobaric, high explosive, fragementation, shaped charge, tear gas, illuminating, signal, baton, rubber buckshot and flashbang rounds. The under barrel magazine holds three rounds and a single round is carried in the chamber. The maximum effective range is 300 meters, although rounds may reach as far as 600 meters. The thermobaric rounds are well suited for room clearing since they have a lethal radius of 3 meters and a safe radius of only a few meters more.

Users

The GM-94 is used by Russian special forces and law enforcement units. It has been used in various conflicts. In law enforcement use it is mainly used with non-lethal ammunition. The GM-94 is available for export.

Details


GM-94

Side view of GM-94 with stock folded.
Source: Allocer - © GNU Attribution - Share Alike license

The GM-94 is a multiple shot stand alone grenade launcher that fires a special range of ammunition. The GM-94 is mostly fitted with a tubular folding stock that acts as a carrying handle when folded. A version with fixed stock that extends from the pistol grip is also available.

Facts GM-94
General
Origin
Russia
Type
Grenade launcher
Caliber
Caliber
43mm Russian low velocity grenade
Feed system
3 in tube + 1 in barrel
Muzzle velocity
85 - 100 m/s
Operation
Action
Pump action, double action trigger
Fire selector
0 - 1
Rate of fire
Pump action
Dimensions
Stock type
Foldable or fixed
Length
810 mm stock extended
540 mm stock folded
Width
70 mm
Height
320 mm stock folded
230 mm stock extended
Weight
4.8 kg empty
5.8 kg loaded
Sights
Type
Iron sights, post front and adjustable rear
75, 150 and 300 m gradations

Media