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Voroshilovets



Overview


Voroshilovets

Voroshilovets with tarpaulin cover driving of a hill.
Source: www.armchairgeneral.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Prime mover
Entered service
1939
Status
Out of service
Development
1939
Developer
Soviet Union - Kharkiv Locomotive Factory (KhPZ)
Production
1939 - 1941 (KhPZ)
1941 - 1942 (VTZ)
Producer
Soviet Union - KhPZ / Kharkiv Locomotive Factory
Soviet Union - VTZ / Volgograd Tractor Factory
Number produced
At least 230 built in KhPZ.
1.123 produced in total.
Designations
Gepanzerter Artillerie Schlepper 607 (R)
Beutewaffen index
Notable users
Soviet Union
Nazi Germany - (captured)

Description


Introduction

The Voroshilovets is a World War 2 era tracked prime mover of Soviet origin. It was developed in the late 1930's as a more powerful alternative to the Komintern prime mover. The tracked chassis was very useful in the Russian climate with its mud in the summer and snow in the winter.

Layout

The chassis of the Voroshilovets is based on the T-24 tank. The chassis has two bogies with 4 roadwheels each. The Voroshilovets retains the rear drive sprocket but the engine is mounted in the large bonnet at the front. The cab seats three people. The rear of the vehicles makes up a load platform. This may seat the gun crew and allows for ammunition to be carried.

Cargo capacity

The Voroshilovets may tow artillery pieces and trailers up to 18 t. This allows it to tow the heaviest Soviet artillery pieces. The cargo platform holds up to 3 t of cargo or seats up to 16 people. The Voroshilovets was also used as recovery vehicle and was able to rescue medium and heavy tanks stuck in mud or snow.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides the Voroshilovets with good all terrain mobility. The road speed is rather limited at a maximum of 34 km/h. The mobility comes at the cost of a high fuel consumption.

Users

The Voroshilovets was widely used by Soviet forces during World War 2. It was used to tow the heaviest Soviet artillery pieces. The Voroshilovets was used until the 1950's. By that time the need for prime moves was reduced due to lighter artillery pieces, more powerful trucks and self-propelled artillery.

Details


Voroshilovets

Side view of Voroshilovets prime mover.
Source: www.morozov.com.ua - © copyright lies with original owner

Voroshilovets

The Voroshilovets was produced in only a single version. Externally it looks very similar to the Komintern prime mover. The Voroshilovets can be identified by the larger bonnet which houses the more powerful engine.

Facts Voroshilovets
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Prime mover
Crew
1 + 18 (driver, 2 cabin seats, 16 platform seats)
Dimensions
Weight
15.5 t
Length
6.22 m
Width
2.35 m
Height
2.74 m cab roof
3.09 m with tarpaulin cover
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 8 roadwheels
Chassis layout
Idler front, drive sprocket rear
Ground pressure
0.58 kg/cm^2
Cargo capacity
Towed load
18 t over slopes
22 t on level ground
Cargo on flatbed
3 t
Equipment
Winch
30 m of 23 mm cable
Automotive
Engine
V-2V 12-cylinder diesel engine
Power output
375 hp at 1.500 rpm
Fuel
1.100 L
Mobility
Speed
36 km/h on road
20 km/h on road towing a load
16 km/h off road towing a load
Range
270 km on road without trailer
130 km off road without trailer
Turn radius
5 m minimum
Power to weight ratio
22.6 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.46 m
Trench
1.5 m
Fording
1.3 m with preparation
Protection
Armor type
None, softskin vehicle
NBC system
No
Smoke system
No
Fire suppression
No

Media


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203mm B-4

The Voroshilovets was often used as prime mover for the large and heavy 203mm B-4 howitzer with tracked carriage.