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ZBD04



Overview


ZBD04

Right side view of two Chinese ZBD04 mechanized infantry combat vehicles at a military base.
Source: Chinese internet - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
China
Type
Mechanized infantry combat vehicle
Entered service
2006
Status
In service
Development
Mid 1990's - 1999
Developer
China - Norinco
Production
Mid 2000's - Late 2000's
Producer
China - Norinco
Number produced
400 - 500 (estimate)
Designations
ZBD97 / Type 97 (prototype model)
WZ502 (factory designation for ZBD97)
Notable users
China

Description


Introduction

The ZBD04 is a modern mechanized infantry combat vehicle of Chinese origin. In the 1990's China started the development of a more modern vehicle to replace the older ZBD86, which was derived from the Soviet BMP-1. The ZBD04 has its roots in the ZBD97 prototype vehicle, which in turn is a based on well armed Soviet BMP-3.

Layout

At a glance the ZBD04 looks similar to the Soviet BMP-3 since both vehicles share the same turret. However, the hull of the ZBD04 has a very different layout, making it a more capable infantry carrier. The engine is located at the front right and the drive is seated on the left. The turret is located in the middle and crew compartment is located at the rear. Roof hatches and a rear door allows the 7 infantrymen to enter and exit the vehicle.

Firepower

The ZBD04 is well armed with its 100mm cannon and coaxial 30mm autocannon and 7.62mm machine gun. The 100mm main gun can fire HE-Frag shells and may launch anti-tank guided missiles. Since it is stabilized it may fire on the move. For the 30mm autocannon a total of 500 rounds of AP-T and HEI-T are carried. Since the layout differs from the BMP-3 the ZBD04 has no hull mounted machine guns.

Protection

For a mechanized infantry combat vehicle the ZBD04 is somewhat vulnerable. The steel turret and aluminum hull provide protection from small arms fire and shell splinters. The armor may also be resistant to heavy machine gun fire over the frontal arc. Smoke grenade dischargers are fitted to the turret sides and a NBC protection system is present.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides the ZBD04 with good mobility on roads and in the field. The diesel engine allows for a maximum road speed of 65 km/h. The ZBD04 is amphibious and is propelled by two water jets at a speed of up 20 km/h.

Users

The ZBD04 is in Chinese service and is used by the army. The marines acquired the ZBD05 which has a sea going ability. The ZBD04 is no longer produced for Chinese forces, since the army acquires the better armored but non-amphibious ZBD04A. The ZBD04 remains available for export.

Details


ZBD04

Top view of the ZBD04 showing that the hull layout differs from the BMP-3.
Source: Chinese internet - © copyright lies with original owner

ZBD04 mechanized infantry combat vehicle

ZBD97: Prototype and low rate production model.

ZBD04: Standard production model of the ZBD04. The shape of the hull with its rear troop compartment makes the ZBD04 easy to distinguish from the Soviet/Russian BMP-3. The better armored ZBD04A has its own entry.

Facts ZBD04
General
Origin
China
Type
Mechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew
3 + 7 (commander, driver, gunner, 7 infantry)
Dimensions
Weight
20 t
Length
7.2 m
Width
3.2 m
Height
2.5 m
Main armament
Type
100mm low pressure cannon
Mount
Turret
Ammunition
30 shells/missiles in total
Elevation
Powered
Traverse
360° powered
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Coaxial autocannon
Type
30mm ZPT99 autocannon
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
500 rounds in total
Traverse
Traverse and elevation as main armament
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Coaxial machine gun
Type
7.62mm Type 86 coaxial machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
2.000 rounds in total
Traverse
Traverse and elevation as main armament
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine
Model 8V150 water cooled diesel
Power output
550 hp
Mobility
Speed
65 km/h on road
20 km/h in water
Range
500 km
Power to weight ratio
27.5 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Wall
0.7 m
Trench
1.8 m
Gradient
60 %
Slope
40 %
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Aluminum hull and steel turret
NBC system
Yes
Smoke system
2x3 smoke grenade dischargers

ZHB04

Side view of a ZHB04 armored recovery vehicle on a fladbed railway car.
Source: www.armyrecognition.com - © copyright lies with original owner

ZHB04 armored recovery vehicle

ZHB04: Armored recovery model based on the ZBD04 chassis. Instead of a turret this vehicle is fitted with a crane and other engineering equipment. For self-defense a 12.7mm QJC88 heavy machine gun is fitted. The designation ZHB04 is uncertain and may be different in Chinese service.

Media