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AGS-17 Plamya



Overview


AGS-17

Russian SOBR troops with AGS-17 grenade launcher.
Source: www.izhevsk.club.guns.ru - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Automatic grenade launcher
Entered service
1971
Status
In service
Development
1967 - 1969 (design project)
1970 (Soviet state trials)
Developer
Soviet Union - OKB-16 (now KBP Tula)
Production
1971 - 1989 (Soviet production)
Foreign production continues
Producer
Soviet Union - VPMZ Molot
Russia - VPMZ Molot
Bulgaria - Arsenal
China - Norinco
Serbia - Zastava
Vietnam - Z125 Factory
Designations
Plamya
Nickname, Russian for "flame"
6G11 (GRAU index for system)
6G10 (GRAU index for launcher)
M93 (Serbian production)
30 KrKK AGS-17 (Finnish service)

Description


Introduction

The AGS-17 is an automatic grenade launcher of Soviet origin. It was designed in the late 1960's triggered by the American use automatic grenade launchers in Vietnam. Such a weapon was thought to be an excellent weapon to fight off the waves of Chinese infantry as experienced in the earlier Sino-Soviet border conflict. AGS stands for "Avtomatischeskyi Granatmyot Stankovyi", which is Russian for . It is also kwown under the nickname "Plamya", which is Russian for "flame".

Design

The AGS-17 is a blowback operated weapon that fires the 30mm grenades from 30 round belts. The rifled barrel features cooling ribs and can be changed quickly. The belts are held in a metal drum and feed from right to left. Most AGS-17 are fitted on a foldable tripod. Iron sights and an optical sight are fitted. A special model has been developed for use on helicopters.

Firepower

The AGS-17 fires 30x28mm grenades from 29 round belts. The AGS-17 is a select-fire weapon with a cyclic rate of fire is 350 to 400 rounds per minute. The maximum effective range is 1.7 km. Grenades with increased lethality and range were developed for the AGS-30. These can be fired from the AGS-17 as well. The helicopter model has an increased rate of fire of 420 to 500 rpm.

Users

The AGS-17 was widely used by Soviet forces and remains in widespread use today. The AGS-17 was also exported to most Soviet allies. It is a common weapon in the Middle East, Asia, Africa and South America. The AGS-17 is produced, either with or without license, in several nations.

Details


Overview of AGS-17 variants

AGS-17

The AGS-17 is the orignal model of the AGS-17 family. It is mounted on a tripod and can be fitted on vehicles as well, although this is uncommon. In Russia the AGS-17 has been replaced in production by the product improved AGS-30. Several other nations still produce the AGS-17 in its original guise.

AG-17A

The AG-17A is a derivative developed for use on helicopters. It has a heavier barrel with heat shield, increased rate of fire and is solenoid fired. The AG-17A is also used on various armored vehicles. The AG-17A is usually fed by a 300 round belt. The AG-17D is a variant for vehicle use. It is similar to the AG-17A, but lacks the large heat shield.

AGS-30

The AGS-30 "Atlant" is a product improved version of the AGS-17. It has much fewer parts and is much lighter. The AGS-30 can be identified by its flat top. The whole weapon system is also much lighter as a much lighter tripod is used and the ammunition box is lighter as well. The AGS-30 is described in further detail in a separate article

Facts AGS-17
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Automatic Grenade Launcher
Caliber
Caliber
30x28mm Soviet
Feed system
Belt fed
Container
29 round detachable drum
Barrel length
305 mm
Rifling
16 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity
185 m/s
Operation
Action
Blowback operated
Fire selector
0 - 1 - F
Rate of fire
350 - 400 rpm
Dimensions
Length
840 mm
Weight
18 kg gun only
31 kg with tripod
Sights
Optics
Optical sight for use up to 1.700 m
Mechanical
Iron sights for use up to 800 m

Media


Related articles


Mk 19 MOD 3

The AGS-17 can be considered the Soviet counterpart of the American Mk 19 grenade machine gun. However, it is more aimed at infantry use. As such it is a smaller weapon firing a smaller grenade.