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130mm AK-130



Overview


AK-130

Side view of AK-130 turret.
Source: J.T. Wenting @ www.hazegray.org - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Naval gun
Entered service
1985
Status
In service
Development
1967 - 1985
Developer
Soviet Union - Arsenal machine-building plant
Production
1982 - 1990's?
Producer
Soviet Union - Arsenal machine-building plant
Number produced
About 45 produced
Designations
ZIF-94
A-218
Notable users
Soviet Union
Russia
China

Description


Introduction

The AK-130 is a naval gun turret of Soviet origin. It was developed in the 1970's as a more capable gun turret than the earlier SM-2 as armament for destroyers and cruisers. The AK-130 is the most powerful naval gun turret that remains in service. The AK-130 is one of the few modern two barrel gun turrets. Its single barrel performance is similar to the US 127mm Mk 45 and Italian 127mm Compatto.

Design

The AK-130 is a massive twin gun turret. It was developed as a single gun design at first but two guns were required to meet the desired rate of fire. The 130mm guns have been derived from the 130mm M-46 towed artillery piece. The water cooled guns are mounted side by side in a massive unmanned turret with an automatic loader. The ammunition is stored below deck. The MR-184 fire control radar and optronic guidance package can control up to two AK-130 turrets.

Firepower

The AK-130 fires 130mm shells that have been derived from the towed 130mm M-46 howitzer. The maximum range is 23 km against surface targets and 15 km versus aircraft. The rate of fire is 10 to 35 rpm per barrel, which results in a maximum of 70 rpm per gun mount. A total of 150 to 180 rounds are stored in the magazine below deck. A Sovremenny class destroyers carries a total of 500 rounds in the loading system and stored in other locations.

Users

The main user of the AK-130 was the USSR navy and currently is the Russian navy. The AK-130 is used on the Sovremenny and Udaloy II class destroyers and the Slava and Kirov class cruisers. The sole export user is China which uses the AK-130 on their Sovremenny class destroyers. A single gun mount called AK-192 has been developed but has not been produced yet.

Details


AK-130

AK-130 with characteristic red star muzzle caps.
Source: www.rusarmy.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Variants of the AK-130

The AK-130 is a twin 130mm gun naval mount. It is one of the largest and heaviest modern naval guns. Only a single variant was ever produced. A single gun AK-192 mount has been developed but has not been placed in production. The AK-130 is only used in conjuction with the MR-184 fire control radar.

Facts AK-130
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Naval gun turret
Ordnance
Type
Twin 130mm 54-caliber
Rate of fire
10 to 35 rpm per barrel
Range
23 km vs surface targets
15 km vs aircraft
8 km vs missiles
Muzzle velocity
850 m/s
Barrel life
1.500 to 2.000 rounds
Recoil
0.520 to 0.624 m
Mount
Feed mechanism
Automatic loader
Ammunition
150 to 180 rounds in feed system
Traverse
-200 to +200° at 25°/s
Elevation
-12 to +80° at 25°/s
Operation
Crew
Unmanned turret, 6 to 10 crew in total
Fire control
MR-184 fire control radar
TV guidance with laser range finder
Lev-218 fire control system
Dimensions
Weight
94 t gun mount
8 t radar and control systems

Media