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M-11 Shtorm


NATO: SA-N-3 Goblet


Overview


M-11 Shtorm

M-11 Shtorm (4K60) naval SAM system with two V-611 missiles on B-189 twin arm launcher.
Source: www.army.lv - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Naval SAM system
Entered service
1969
Status
Out of service
Development
1959 - 1967 (design project)
1964 - 1966 (sea trials)
1980 - 1986 (Shtorm-N)
Developer
Soviet Union - NII-10 Altair
Production
Late 1960's - 1970's
Producer
Soviet Union
Number produced
About 44 systems produced
Designations
SA-N-3 Goblet (NATO reporting name)
Shtorm (Russian for "storm")
4K60 (GRAU index for M-11 Shtorm)
4K65 (GRAU index for M-11 Shtorm-M)
Head Lights (NATO reporting name for 4R60 Grom)
Notable users
Soviet Union

Description


Introduction

The M-11 Shtorm is a naval SAM system of Soviet origin. It was developed as a longer range and more accurate alternative to the M-1 Volna system. Unlike other naval SAM systems the M-11 Shtorm has no land based equivalent.

Design

The M-11 Shtorm is a deep modernization of the M-1 Volna. It uses a modified launcher with optimized below deck storage, improved fire control radar and much improved missiles. The missiles have a new seeker and are nearly twice as fast as the V-600 used in the original version of the M-1 Volna.

Guidance

The V-611 missiles use radio frequency command guidance. One or two missiles are launched against a single target at a time. Missile accuracy is improved over the older M-1 Volna by using semi-active radar homing in the terminal phase. The 4R60 fire control radar is used for missile guidance and target illumination.

Firepower

The new missiles and terminal semi-active radar homing make the M-11 Shtorm a capable system. Targets can be engaged between altitudes of 100 m and 25 km. Maximum range is 3 to 30 km for the V-611 missile. The V-611M missile extends the maximum range to 55 km.

Platforms

The M-11 Shtorm was fitted onto several large cruisers and aircraft carriers of the Soviet navy. All ships used two systems, allowing two targets to be engaged at a time.

System composition


V-611 missiles

The M-11 Shtorm launches the V-611 surface to air missile. In its original form it is known as the SA-N-3A. The improved Shtorm-M system uses the V-611M missile which is faster and has nearly twice the range. The NATO reporting name of the Shtorm-N is SA-N-3B.

B-189 launcher

The B-189 twin rail launcher is a modified ZIF-101 launcher. Below deck there is a rearranged reload system.

4R60 Grom fire control radar

The 4R60 is an integrated set of fire control radars. These provide target acquisition, radio command guidance and illumination for the SARH final stage. NATO reporting name is "Head Lights".

Ship classes with Shtorm system


M-11 Shtorm

M-11 Shtorm (4K60) naval SAM system with two V-611 missiles on B-189 twin arm launcher.
Source: www.rusarmy.com - © Copyright lies with original owner

Project 1134A Berkut-A cruiser
2x M-11 Shtorm system. NATO reporting name: Kresta II class. 10 ships completed
Project 1134B Berkut-B cruiser
2x M-11 Shtorm system. NATO reporting name: Kara class. 7 ships completed.
Project 1123 Kondor helicopter cruiser
2x M-11 Shtorm system. NATO reporting name: Moskva class. 2 ships completed.
Project 1143 Krechyet aircraft carrier
2x M-11 Shtorm system. NATO reporting name: Kiev class. 3 ships comleted.

Media


Related articles


V-611

The M-11 Shtorm uses the V-611 surface to air missile which was developed specifically for this sytem.