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PM md. 63


Export: AIM, AIMS


Overview


PM md. 65

Romanian soldier with PM md. 65 assault rifle.
Source: Romanian ministry of defense - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Romania
Type
Assault rifle
Entered service
1963
Status
In service
Development
Early 1960’s
Developer
Romania - Cugir arsenal
Production
1963 - present
Producer
Romania - Cugir arsenal
Number produced
Several million
Designations
Pistol Mitraliera model 1963 (Romanian service)
AIM (export designation for PM md 63)
AIMS (export designation for PM md 65)
AKM-63 (nickname for PM md 63)
AKM-65 (nickname for PM md 65)

Description


Introduction

The PM md. 63 is an early Cold War era assault rifle of Romanian origin. The design is based on the Soviet AKM assault rifle and it can be considered a licence produced version. Romanian Kalashnikovs can generally be identified by their wooden vertical grip.

Design

The PM md. 63 can be considered a direct clone of the AKM as it differs only in minor details. The most distinguishing feature is the wooden vertical grip. Several variants of the PM md. 63 have been produced, including a light machine gun. Late production models feature a wire frame folding stock derived from the East German MPiKMS-72 design.

Firepower

The PM md. 63 fires the 7.62x39mm round from a 30 round magazine. The cyclic rate of fire is about 600 rpm. The maximum effective range is about 300 meters for the PM md. 63 assault rifle and 500 meters for the PM md. 64 light machine gun.

Users

The PM md. 63 and its variants were the foremost Romanian infantry weapons during the Cold War. Over 400.000 have been acquired by Romanian forces. The PM md. 63 is one of the most widely exported Kalashnikov variants. It is a common weapon in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. Many remain in use today.

Details


Variants of the PM md. 63

PM md. 63

Fixed stock model with wooden stock and forward pointing wooden handguard. The export designation is AIM.

PM md. 65

Folding stock model with metal underfolding stock similar to AKS-47. The forward grip points rearwards in order for the stock to fold around it. The export model is known as AIMS.

PM md. 90

Improved folding stock version with East German type wire folding stock. The forward grip points forward since it does not have to acomodate the stock. It is also available in a carbine version with shorter barrel and conventional straight handguard.

Facts PM md. 63 PM md. 65 PM md. 90 PM md. 90 (carbine)
General
Origin
Romania
Type
Assault rifle
Caliber
Caliber
7.62x39mm Soviet
Feed system
30 round detachable box
Barrel length
415 mm
Rifling
4 grooves, 240 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity
715 m/s
Operation
Action
Gas operated, long stroke gas piston
Locking
Rotating bolt
Fire selector
0 - 1 - F
Rate of fire
600 rpm
Dimensions
Stock type
Fixed
Length
870 mm
Weight
3.45 kg empty
Sights
Mechanical
Hooded post front and U-notch rear
Range adjustment
100 to 1.000 m gradation per 100 m

Media