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9M120 Ataka


NATO: AT-9 Spiral-2


Overview


9M120 Ataka

Eight 9M120 Ataka anti-tank missiles on a Mi-28 attack helicopter.
Source: Vitaly V. Kuzmin - © GNU Attribution Share Alike license

Origin
Russia
Type
Anti-tank missile
Entered service
Early 1990's
Status
In service
Development
Late 1980's
Developer
Soviet Union - Kolomna design bureau
Production
1992 - present
Producer
Russia - NPO Mashinostroyenie
Unit cost
About $ 50.000
Designations
AT-9 Spiral-2 (NATO reporting name)
9K120 (GRAU index for system)
9M120 (GRAU index for missile)
Notable users
Russia
Algeria

Description


Introduction

The 9K120 Ataka is an anti-tank missile system of Soviet origin. It was developed in the late 1980's and is operational since the early 1990's. The system is called 9K120 Ataka and its missile is known as the 9M120. In the West the NATO reporting name "AT-9 Spiral-2" is commonly used. The design is based on the earlier 9K114 Shturm (AT-6 Spiral), but performs better in penetration, accuracy and velocity.

Design

The overall design is similar to the older 9M114 missile with the tandem warhead located at the front, followed by the guidance section with small control vanes, the solid fuel sustainer and the small booster stage at the rear. The missile is stored and launched from a plastic container. The guidance is SACLOS and a VHF radio command link is used. Besides the missile the 9K120 system consists of a sighting and guidance system.

Firepower

The 9M120 is a powerful anti-tank missile with much improved performance over the older 9M114. The maximum range is 6 km for the 9M120 and the tandem warhead provides a penetration of 800 mm. In the improved 9M120M these figures are 8 km and 900 mm respectively. The accuracy is reported to be better than the older 9M114 system. A thermobaric and anti-helicopter version are available.

Platforms

The Ataka-V is for airborne use and the 9M120 is mainly used on the Mi-28 helicopter. It is also installed on some Mi-24 and Mi-17 upgrades. The Ataka-S is a vehicle mounted version, which is used on the BMPT-72 Terminator infantry support vehicle. A ship launched version, the Ataka-T, is also developed and in service with Slovenia.

Users

The 9M120 is in Russian service and has been exported to several nations. At this moment it is used only on helicopters. The 9K120 Ataka is in fierce competition with the newer 9K121 Vikhr (NATO: AT-16 Scallion) system.

Variants


9M120

A 9M120 missile with launch canister.
Source: www.zhige.net - © copyright lies with original owner

Variants of the Ataka missile

9M120
Original missile with tandem HEAT warhead for use against tanks. NATO reporting name AT-9 Spiral-2.
9M120M
Improved 9M120 with longer range and warhead with improved penetration.
9M120F
ersion with thermobaric warhead for use against buildings and fortified positions. The F stands for "Fugasnaya", which translates to "high explosive".
9A220O
Anti-helicopter version of the 9M120 with expanding rod warhead. A warhead type that is usually used on dedicated air to air missiles. It retains the radio command guidance. Also known as 9M120O.

Details


Facts 9M120 9M120M 9M120F 9A220O
General
Origin
Russia
Type
Anti-tank missile
Guidance
Radio command guidance
Dimensions
Weight
48.5 kg
Diameter
130 mm
Wingspan
0.36 m
Length
1.83 m
Warhead
Type
Tandem HEAT shaped charge
Penetration
800 mm RHA after ERA
Weight
7.4 kg
Fuze
Impact
Propulsion
Engine
Solid propellant rocket motor
Range
5.8 km maximum
400 m minimum
Max speed
550 m/s maximum
400 m/s average
Launch altitude
Up to 4 km

Media


Related articles


Mi-28

The 9M120 Ataka was developed as the primary armament of the Mi-28 attack helicopter.

Ka-29TB

The Ka-29TB assault helicopter is listed as one of the launch platforms for the 9M120 anti-tank missile.