Cookie Consent by Privacy Policies Generator

9K114 Shturm


NATO: AT-6 Spiral, 9M114 Kokon


Overview


9K114 Shturm

Two 9M114 missiles on the wingtop of a Polish army Mi-24 Hind combat helicopter.
Source: Radomil - © GNU Attribution - Share Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Anti-tank missile
Entered service
1976
Status
In service
Development
1967 - 1974
Developer
Soviet Union - KBM Kolomna
Production
1976 - present?
Producer
Soviet Union
Russia
Unit cost
About $ 50.000 per missile in 1992
Designations
AT-6 Spiral (NATO reporting name)
9K114 Shturm (GRAU index for system)
Russian for "assault"
9M114 Kokon (GRAU index for missile)
Russian for "cocoon"
Notable users
Soviet Union

Description


Introduction

The 9K114 Shturm is a late Cold War era anti-tank missile system of Soviet origin. It was developed in the early 1970's and is employed since 1976. The system is called 9K114 Shturm and is missile is known as the 9M114 Kokon. In the West the NATO reporting name AT-6 Spiral is often used. The 9M114 was designed to provide attack helicopters with a more capable anti-tank missile than the Falanga (NATO: AT-2). Besides helicopters it is also used on vehicles and ships.

Design

For its time the 9M114 was a rather advanced missile. It has a long sleek cylindrical body with wrap around fins at the rear. The warhead is located at the front, followed by the guidance section with small control vanes and the solid fuel sustainer and small booster stage at the rear. The missile is stored and launched from a plastic container. The guidance is SACLOS and a VHF radio command link is used. Besides the missile the 9K114 system consists of a daylight only sighting system with laser range finder and radio link.

Firepower

The 9M114 has a better performance than the older Falanga (AT-2) and Malyutka (AT-3) in range, penetration and accuracy. During Western tests accuracy proved poor while Russian sources claim 75 to 85 percent effectiveness in the Afghan war. The original 9M114 missiles penetrates about 560mm RHA and has a maximum range of 5 km. The 9M114M2 extends this range to 7 km and penetrates 600 to 650 mm RHA. A thermobaric version is available.

Platforms

The 9M114 is the primary anti-tank missile on the later versions of the Mi-24 Hind attack helicopter. Additionally it is used on the 9P149 Shturm-S tank destroyer that is based on the ubiquitous MT-LB tracked armored personnel carrier. A six round launcher was also developed for naval use.

Users

The 9M114 was adopted in large numbers with Soviet forces and various Warsaw Pact nations. Many 9M114 were upgraded to M1 or M2 standard and large quantities remain in service.

Variants


9M114

A 9M114 missile outside of its canister and with wrap around wings unfolded.
Source: www.army-technology.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Variants of the 9M114 missile

9M114
Original missile with HEAT warhead for use against tanks. NATO reporting name is AT-6A Spiral.
9M114F
A 9M114 missile with thermobaric warhead for use against buildings and fortified positions.
9M114M1
9M114 with improved guidance, heavier warhead and longer 6 km range. NATO reporting name is AT-6B Spiral.
9M114M2
Uses same warhead as M1 and has a further improved 7 km range. NATO reporting name is AT-6C Spiral.

Details


Facts 9M114 9M114M
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Anti-tank missile
Guidance
Radio command guidance
Dimensions
Weight
31.4 kg
Diameter
130 mm
Wingspan
0.36 m
Length
1.625 m
Warhead
Type
Single HEAT warhead
Penetration
560 - 600 mm RHA
Weight
5.3 kg
Propulsion
Engine
Solid propellant rocket motor
Range
5 km maximum
400 m minimum
Max speed
345 m/s

Media


Related articles


9M120 Ataka

The 9K120 Ataka anti-tank missile system is an improved variant of the 9K114 Shturm. It has a longer range and warheads with better penetration.

Mi-24P

The 9M114 is the main anti-tank armament of the Mi-24P attack helicopter.

9P149 Shturm-S

The 9P149 is a tracked tank destroyer fitted with a retractable launcher for the 9M114 anti-tank missile.